4. Testpmd Runtime Functions

Where the testpmd application is started in interactive mode, (-i|--interactive), it displays a prompt that can be used to start and stop forwarding, configure the application, display statistics (including the extended NIC statistics aka xstats) , set the Flow Director and other tasks:

testpmd>

The testpmd prompt has some, limited, readline support. Common bash command-line functions such as Ctrl+a and Ctrl+e to go to the start and end of the prompt line are supported as well as access to the command history via the up-arrow.

There is also support for tab completion. If you type a partial command and hit <TAB> you get a list of the available completions:

testpmd> show port <TAB>

    info [Mul-choice STRING]: show|clear port info|stats|xstats|fdir|dcb_tc|cap X
    info [Mul-choice STRING]: show|clear port info|stats|xstats|fdir|dcb_tc|cap all
    stats [Mul-choice STRING]: show|clear port info|stats|xstats|fdir|dcb_tc|cap X
    stats [Mul-choice STRING]: show|clear port info|stats|xstats|fdir|dcb_tc|cap all
    ...

Note

Some examples in this document are too long to fit on one line are shown wrapped at “" for display purposes:

testpmd> set flow_ctrl rx (on|off) tx (on|off) (high_water) (low_water) \
         (pause_time) (send_xon) (port_id)

In the real testpmd> prompt these commands should be on a single line.

4.1. Help Functions

The testpmd has on-line help for the functions that are available at runtime. These are divided into sections and can be accessed using help, help section or help all:

testpmd> help
    Help is available for the following sections:

        help control                    : Start and stop forwarding.
        help display                    : Displaying port, stats and config information.
        help config                     : Configuration information.
        help ports                      : Configuring ports.
        help filters                    : Filters configuration help.
        help traffic_management         : Traffic Management commands.
        help devices                    : Device related commands.
        help drivers                    : Driver specific commands.
        help all                        : All of the above sections.

4.2. Command File Functions

To facilitate loading large number of commands or to avoid cutting and pasting where not practical or possible testpmd supports alternative methods for executing commands.

  • If started with the --cmdline-file=FILENAME command line argument testpmd will execute all CLI commands contained within the file immediately before starting packet forwarding or entering interactive mode.
./dpdk-testpmd -n4 -r2 ... -- -i --cmdline-file=/home/ubuntu/flow-create-commands.txt
Interactive-mode selected
CLI commands to be read from /home/ubuntu/flow-create-commands.txt
Configuring Port 0 (socket 0)
Port 0: 7C:FE:90:CB:74:CE
Configuring Port 1 (socket 0)
Port 1: 7C:FE:90:CB:74:CA
Checking link statuses...
Port 0 Link Up - speed 10000 Mbps - full-duplex
Port 1 Link Up - speed 10000 Mbps - full-duplex
Done
Flow rule #0 created
Flow rule #1 created
...
...
Flow rule #498 created
Flow rule #499 created
Read all CLI commands from /home/ubuntu/flow-create-commands.txt
testpmd>
  • At run-time additional commands can be loaded in bulk by invoking the load FILENAME command.
testpmd> load /home/ubuntu/flow-create-commands.txt
Flow rule #0 created
Flow rule #1 created
...
...
Flow rule #498 created
Flow rule #499 created
Read all CLI commands from /home/ubuntu/flow-create-commands.txt
testpmd>

In all cases output from any included command will be displayed as standard output. Execution will continue until the end of the file is reached regardless of whether any errors occur. The end user must examine the output to determine if any failures occurred.

4.3. Control Functions

4.3.1. start

Start packet forwarding with current configuration:

testpmd> start

4.3.2. start tx_first

Start packet forwarding with current configuration after sending specified number of bursts of packets:

testpmd> start tx_first (""|burst_num)

The default burst number is 1 when burst_num not presented.

4.3.3. stop

Stop packet forwarding, and display accumulated statistics:

testpmd> stop

4.3.4. quit

Quit to prompt:

testpmd> quit

4.4. Display Functions

The functions in the following sections are used to display information about the testpmd configuration or the NIC status.

4.4.1. show port

Display information for a given port or all ports:

testpmd> show port (info|summary|stats|xstats|fdir|dcb_tc|cap) (port_id|all)

The available information categories are:

  • info: General port information such as MAC address.
  • summary: Brief port summary such as Device Name, Driver Name etc.
  • stats: RX/TX statistics.
  • xstats: RX/TX extended NIC statistics.
  • fdir: Flow Director information and statistics.
  • dcb_tc: DCB information such as TC mapping.

For example:

testpmd> show port info 0

********************* Infos for port 0 *********************

MAC address: XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX
Connect to socket: 0
memory allocation on the socket: 0
Link status: up
Link speed: 40000 Mbps
Link duplex: full-duplex
Promiscuous mode: enabled
Allmulticast mode: disabled
Maximum number of MAC addresses: 64
Maximum number of MAC addresses of hash filtering: 0
VLAN offload:
    strip on, filter on, extend off, qinq strip off
Redirection table size: 512
Supported flow types:
  ipv4-frag
  ipv4-tcp
  ipv4-udp
  ipv4-sctp
  ipv4-other
  ipv6-frag
  ipv6-tcp
  ipv6-udp
  ipv6-sctp
  ipv6-other
  l2_payload
  port
  vxlan
  geneve
  nvgre
  vxlan-gpe

4.4.2. show port (module_eeprom|eeprom)

Display the EEPROM information of a port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) (module_eeprom|eeprom)

4.4.3. show port rss reta

Display the rss redirection table entry indicated by masks on port X:

testpmd> show port (port_id) rss reta (size) (mask0, mask1...)

size is used to indicate the hardware supported reta size

4.4.4. show port rss-hash

Display the RSS hash functions and RSS hash key or RSS hash algorithm of a port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) rss-hash [key | algorithm]

4.4.5. clear port

Clear the port statistics and forward engine statistics for a given port or for all ports:

testpmd> clear port (info|stats|xstats|fdir) (port_id|all)

For example:

testpmd> clear port stats all

4.4.6. show (rxq|txq)

Display information for a given port’s RX/TX queue:

testpmd> show (rxq|txq) info (port_id) (queue_id)

4.4.7. show desc status(rxq|txq)

Display information for a given port’s RX/TX descriptor status:

testpmd> show port (port_id) (rxq|txq) (queue_id) desc (desc_id) status

4.4.8. show desc used count(rxq|txq)

Display the number of packet descriptors currently used by hardware for a queue:

testpmd> show port (port_id) (rxq|txq) (queue_id) desc used count

4.4.9. show config

Displays the configuration of the application. The configuration comes from the command-line, the runtime or the application defaults:

testpmd> show config (rxtx|cores|fwd|rxoffs|rxpkts|rxhdrs|txpkts|txtimes)

The available information categories are:

  • rxtx: RX/TX configuration items.
  • cores: List of forwarding cores.
  • fwd: Packet forwarding configuration.
  • rxoffs: Packet offsets for RX split.
  • rxpkts: Packets to RX length-based split configuration.
  • rxhdrs: Packets to RX proto-based split configuration.
  • txpkts: Packets to TX configuration.
  • txtimes: Burst time pattern for Tx only mode.

For example:

testpmd> show config rxtx

io packet forwarding - CRC stripping disabled - packets/burst=16
nb forwarding cores=2 - nb forwarding ports=1
RX queues=1 - RX desc=128 - RX free threshold=0
RX threshold registers: pthresh=8 hthresh=8 wthresh=4
TX queues=1 - TX desc=512 - TX free threshold=0
TX threshold registers: pthresh=36 hthresh=0 wthresh=0
TX RS bit threshold=0 - TXQ flags=0x0

4.4.10. set fwd

Set the packet forwarding mode:

testpmd> set fwd (io|mac|macswap|flowgen| \
                  rxonly|txonly|csum|icmpecho|noisy|5tswap|shared-rxq|recycle_mbufs) (""|retry)

retry can be specified for forwarding engines except rx_only.

The available information categories are:

  • io: Forwards packets “as-is” in I/O mode. This is the fastest possible forwarding operation as it does not access packets data. This is the default mode.

  • mac: Changes the source and the destination Ethernet addresses of packets before forwarding them. Default application behavior is to set source Ethernet address to that of the transmitting interface, and destination address to a dummy value (set during init). The user may specify a target destination Ethernet address via the ‘eth-peer’ or ‘eth-peers-configfile’ command-line options. It is not currently possible to specify a specific source Ethernet address.

  • macswap: MAC swap forwarding mode. Swaps the source and the destination Ethernet addresses of packets before forwarding them.

  • flowgen: Multi-flow generation mode. Originates a number of flows (with varying destination IP addresses), and terminate receive traffic.

  • rxonly: Receives packets but doesn’t transmit them.

  • txonly: Generates and transmits packets without receiving any.

  • csum: Changes the checksum field with hardware or software methods depending on the offload flags on the packet.

  • icmpecho: Receives a burst of packets, lookup for ICMP echo requests and, if any, send back ICMP echo replies.

  • ieee1588: Demonstrate L2 IEEE1588 V2 PTP timestamping for RX and TX.

  • noisy: Noisy neighbor simulation. Simulate more realistic behavior of a guest machine engaged in receiving and sending packets performing Virtual Network Function (VNF).

  • 5tswap: Swap the source and destination of L2,L3,L4 if they exist.

    L2 swaps the source address and destination address of Ethernet, as same as macswap.

    L3 swaps the source address and destination address of IP (v4 and v6).

    L4 swaps the source port and destination port of transport layer (TCP and UDP).

  • shared-rxq: Receive only for shared Rx queue. Resolve packet source port from mbuf and update stream statistics accordingly.

  • recycle_mbufs: Recycle Tx queue used mbufs for Rx queue mbuf ring. This mode uses fast path mbuf recycle feature and forwards packets in I/O mode.

Example:

testpmd> set fwd rxonly

Set rxonly packet forwarding mode

4.4.11. show fwd

When running, forwarding engines maintain statistics from the time they have been started. Example for the io forwarding engine, with some packet drops on the tx side:

testpmd> show fwd stats all

  ------- Forward Stats for RX Port= 0/Queue= 0 -> TX Port= 1/Queue= 0 -------
  RX-packets: 274293770      TX-packets: 274293642      TX-dropped: 128

  ------- Forward Stats for RX Port= 1/Queue= 0 -> TX Port= 0/Queue= 0 -------
  RX-packets: 274301850      TX-packets: 274301850      TX-dropped: 0

  ---------------------- Forward statistics for port 0  ----------------------
  RX-packets: 274293802      RX-dropped: 0             RX-total: 274293802
  TX-packets: 274301862      TX-dropped: 0             TX-total: 274301862
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  ---------------------- Forward statistics for port 1  ----------------------
  RX-packets: 274301894      RX-dropped: 0             RX-total: 274301894
  TX-packets: 274293706      TX-dropped: 128           TX-total: 274293834
  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  +++++++++++++++ Accumulated forward statistics for all ports+++++++++++++++
  RX-packets: 548595696      RX-dropped: 0             RX-total: 548595696
  TX-packets: 548595568      TX-dropped: 128           TX-total: 548595696
  ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.4.12. clear fwd

Clear the forwarding engines statistics:

testpmd> clear fwd stats all

4.4.13. read rxd

Display an RX descriptor for a port RX queue:

testpmd> read rxd (port_id) (queue_id) (rxd_id)

For example:

testpmd> read rxd 0 0 4
     0x0000000B - 0x001D0180 / 0x0000000B - 0x001D0180

4.4.14. read txd

Display a TX descriptor for a port TX queue:

testpmd> read txd (port_id) (queue_id) (txd_id)

For example:

testpmd> read txd 0 0 4
     0x00000001 - 0x24C3C440 / 0x000F0000 - 0x2330003C

4.4.15. show vf stats

Display VF statistics:

testpmd> show vf stats (port_id) (vf_id)

4.4.16. clear vf stats

Reset VF statistics:

testpmd> clear vf stats (port_id) (vf_id)

4.4.17. show rx offloading capabilities

List all per queue and per port Rx offloading capabilities of a port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) rx_offload capabilities

4.4.18. show rx offloading configuration

List port level and all queue level Rx offloading configuration:

testpmd> show port (port_id) rx_offload configuration

4.4.19. show tx offloading capabilities

List all per queue and per port Tx offloading capabilities of a port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) tx_offload capabilities

4.4.20. show tx offloading configuration

List port level and all queue level Tx offloading configuration:

testpmd> show port (port_id) tx_offload configuration

4.4.21. show tx metadata setting

Show Tx metadata value set for a specific port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) tx_metadata

4.4.22. show port supported ptypes

Show ptypes supported for a specific port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) ptypes

4.4.23. set port supported ptypes

set packet types classification for a specific port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) ptypes_mask (mask)

4.4.24. show port mac addresses info

Show mac addresses added for a specific port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) macs

4.4.25. show port multicast mac addresses info

Show multicast mac addresses added for a specific port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) mcast_macs

4.4.26. show flow transfer proxy port ID for the given port

Show proxy port ID to use as the 1st argument in commands to manage transfer flows and their indirect components.

testpmd> show port (port_id) flow transfer proxy

4.4.27. show device info

Show general information about devices probed:

testpmd> show device info (<identifier>|all)

For example:

testpmd> show device info net_pcap0

********************* Infos for device net_pcap0 *********************
Bus name: vdev
Driver name: net_pcap
Devargs: iface=enP2p6s0,phy_mac=1
Connect to socket: -1

        Port id: 2
        MAC address: 1E:37:93:28:04:B8
        Device name: net_pcap0

4.4.28. dump physmem

Dumps all physical memory segment layouts:

testpmd> dump_physmem

4.4.29. dump memzone

Dumps the layout of all memory zones:

testpmd> dump_memzone

4.4.30. dump socket memory

Dumps the memory usage of all sockets:

testpmd> dump_socket_mem

4.4.31. dump struct size

Dumps the size of all memory structures:

testpmd> dump_struct_sizes

4.4.32. dump ring

Dumps the status of all or specific element in DPDK rings:

testpmd> dump_ring [ring_name]

4.4.33. dump mempool

Dumps the statistics of all or specific memory pool:

testpmd> dump_mempool [mempool_name]

4.4.34. dump devargs

Dumps the user device list:

testpmd> dump_devargs

4.4.35. dump lcores

Dumps the logical cores list:

testpmd> dump_lcores

4.4.36. dump trace

Dumps the tracing data to the folder according to the current EAL settings:

testpmd> dump_trace

4.4.37. dump log types

Dumps the log level for all the dpdk modules:

testpmd> dump_log_types

4.4.38. show (raw_encap|raw_decap)

Display content of raw_encap/raw_decap buffers in hex:

testpmd> show <raw_encap|raw_decap> <index>
testpmd> show <raw_encap|raw_decap> all

For example:

testpmd> show raw_encap 6

index: 6 at [0x1c565b0], len=50
00000000: 00 00 00 00 00 00 16 26 36 46 56 66 08 00 45 00 | .......&6FVf..E.
00000010: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 11 00 00 C0 A8 01 06 C0 A8 | ................
00000020: 03 06 00 00 00 FA 00 00 00 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 | ................
00000030: 06 00                                           | ..

4.4.39. show fec capabilities

Show fec capabilities of a port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) fec capabilities

4.4.40. show fec mode

Show fec mode of a port:

testpmd> show port (port_id) fec_mode

4.5. Configuration Functions

The testpmd application can be configured from the runtime as well as from the command-line.

This section details the available configuration functions that are available.

Note

Configuration changes only become active when forwarding is started/restarted.

4.5.1. set default

Reset forwarding to the default configuration:

testpmd> set default

4.5.2. set verbose

Set the debug verbosity level:

testpmd> set verbose (level)

Available levels are as following:

  • 0 silent except for error.
  • 1 fully verbose except for Tx packets.
  • 2 fully verbose except for Rx packets.
  • > 2 fully verbose.

4.5.3. set log

Set the log level for a log type:

testpmd> set log global|(type) (level)

Where:

  • type is the log name.
  • level is the log level.

For example, to change the global log level:

testpmd> set log global (level)

Regexes can also be used for type. To change log level of user1, user2 and user3:

testpmd> set log user[1-3] (level)

4.5.4. set nbport

Set the number of ports used by the application:

set nbport (num)

This is equivalent to the --nb-ports command-line option.

4.5.5. set nbcore

Set the number of cores used by the application:

testpmd> set nbcore (num)

This is equivalent to the --nb-cores command-line option.

Note

The number of cores used must not be greater than number of ports used multiplied by the number of queues per port.

4.5.6. set coremask

Set the forwarding cores hexadecimal mask:

testpmd> set coremask (mask)

This is equivalent to the --coremask command-line option.

Note

The main lcore is reserved for command line parsing only and cannot be masked on for packet forwarding.

4.5.7. set portmask

Set the forwarding ports hexadecimal mask:

testpmd> set portmask (mask)

This is equivalent to the --portmask command-line option.

4.5.8. set record-core-cycles

Set the recording of CPU cycles:

testpmd> set record-core-cycles (on|off)

Where:

  • on enables measurement of CPU cycles per packet.
  • off disables measurement of CPU cycles per packet.

This is equivalent to the --record-core-cycles command-line option.

4.5.9. set record-burst-stats

Set the displaying of RX and TX bursts:

testpmd> set record-burst-stats (on|off)

Where:

  • on enables display of RX and TX bursts.
  • off disables display of RX and TX bursts.

This is equivalent to the --record-burst-stats command-line option.

4.5.10. set burst

Set number of packets per burst:

testpmd> set burst (num)

This is equivalent to the --burst command-line option.

When retry is enabled, the transmit delay time and number of retries can also be set:

testpmd> set burst tx delay (microseconds) retry (num)

4.5.11. set rxoffs

Set the offsets of segments relating to the data buffer beginning on receiving if split feature is engaged. Affects only the queues configured with split offloads (currently BUFFER_SPLIT is supported only).

testpmd> set rxoffs (x[,y]*)

Where x[,y]* represents a CSV list of values, without white space. If the list of offsets is shorter than the list of segments the zero offsets will be used for the remaining segments.

4.5.12. set rxpkts

Set the length of segments to scatter packets on receiving if split feature is engaged. Affects only the queues configured with split offloads (currently BUFFER_SPLIT is supported only). Optionally the multiple memory pools can be specified with –mbuf-size command line parameter and the mbufs to receive will be allocated sequentially from these extra memory pools (the mbuf for the first segment is allocated from the first pool, the second one from the second pool, and so on, if segment number is greater then pool’s the mbuf for remaining segments will be allocated from the last valid pool).

testpmd> set rxpkts (x[,y]*)

Where x[,y]* represents a CSV list of values, without white space. Zero value means to use the corresponding memory pool data buffer size.

4.5.13. set rxhdrs

Set the protocol headers of segments to scatter packets on receiving if split feature is engaged. Affects only the queues configured with split offloads (currently BUFFER_SPLIT is supported only).

testpmd> set rxhdrs (eth[,ipv4]*)

Where eth[,ipv4]* represents a CSV list of values, without white space. If the list of offsets is shorter than the list of segments, zero offsets will be used for the remaining segments.

4.5.14. set txpkts

Set the length of each segment of the TX-ONLY packets or length of packet for FLOWGEN mode:

testpmd> set txpkts (x[,y]*)

Where x[,y]* represents a CSV list of values, without white space.

4.5.15. set txtimes

Configure the timing burst pattern for Tx only mode. This command enables the packet send scheduling on dynamic timestamp mbuf field and configures timing pattern in Tx only mode. In this mode, if scheduling is enabled application provides timestamps in the packets being sent. It is possible to configure delay (in unspecified device clock units) between bursts and between the packets within the burst:

testpmd> set txtimes (inter),(intra)

where:

  • inter is the delay between the bursts in the device clock units. If intra is zero, this is the time between the beginnings of the first packets in the neighbour bursts, if intra is not zero, inter specifies the time between the beginning of the first packet of the current burst and the beginning of the last packet of the previous burst. If inter parameter is zero the send scheduling on timestamps is disabled (default).
  • intra is the delay between the packets within the burst specified in the device clock units. The number of packets in the burst is defined by regular burst setting. If intra parameter is zero no timestamps provided in the packets excepting the first one in the burst.

As the result the bursts of packet will be transmitted with specific delays between the packets within the burst and specific delay between the bursts. The rte_eth_read_clock() must be supported by the device(s) and is supposed to be engaged to get the current device clock value and provide the reference for the timestamps. If there is no supported rte_eth_read_clock() there will be no send scheduling provided on the port.

4.5.16. set txsplit

Set the split policy for the TX packets, applicable for TX-ONLY and CSUM forwarding modes:

testpmd> set txsplit (off|on|rand)

Where:

  • off disable packet copy & split for CSUM mode.
  • on split outgoing packet into multiple segments. Size of each segment and number of segments per packet is determined by set txpkts command (see above).
  • rand same as ‘on’, but number of segments per each packet is a random value between 1 and total number of segments.

4.5.17. set corelist

Set the list of forwarding cores:

testpmd> set corelist (x[,y]*)

For example, to change the forwarding cores:

testpmd> set corelist 3,1
testpmd> show config fwd

io packet forwarding - ports=2 - cores=2 - streams=2 - NUMA support disabled
Logical Core 3 (socket 0) forwards packets on 1 streams:
RX P=0/Q=0 (socket 0) -> TX P=1/Q=0 (socket 0) peer=02:00:00:00:00:01
Logical Core 1 (socket 0) forwards packets on 1 streams:
RX P=1/Q=0 (socket 0) -> TX P=0/Q=0 (socket 0) peer=02:00:00:00:00:00

Note

The cores are used in the same order as specified on the command line.

4.5.18. set portlist

Set the list of forwarding ports:

testpmd> set portlist (x[,y]*)

For example, to change the port forwarding:

testpmd> set portlist 0,2,1,3
testpmd> show config fwd

io packet forwarding - ports=4 - cores=1 - streams=4
Logical Core 3 (socket 0) forwards packets on 4 streams:
RX P=0/Q=0 (socket 0) -> TX P=2/Q=0 (socket 0) peer=02:00:00:00:00:01
RX P=2/Q=0 (socket 0) -> TX P=0/Q=0 (socket 0) peer=02:00:00:00:00:00
RX P=1/Q=0 (socket 0) -> TX P=3/Q=0 (socket 0) peer=02:00:00:00:00:03
RX P=3/Q=0 (socket 0) -> TX P=1/Q=0 (socket 0) peer=02:00:00:00:00:02

4.5.19. set port setup on

Select how to retrieve new ports created after “port attach” command:

testpmd> set port setup on (iterator|event)

For each new port, a setup is done. It will find the probed ports via RTE_ETH_FOREACH_MATCHING_DEV loop in iterator mode, or via RTE_ETH_EVENT_NEW in event mode.

4.5.20. set tx loopback

Enable/disable tx loopback:

testpmd> set tx loopback (port_id) (on|off)

4.5.21. set drop enable

set drop enable bit for all queues:

testpmd> set all queues drop (port_id) (on|off)

4.5.22. set mac antispoof (for VF)

Set mac antispoof for a VF from the PF:

testpmd> set vf mac antispoof  (port_id) (vf_id) (on|off)

4.5.23. vlan set stripq

Set the VLAN strip for a queue on a port:

testpmd> vlan set stripq (on|off) (port_id,queue_id)

4.5.24. vlan set stripq (for VF)

Set VLAN strip for all queues in a pool for a VF from the PF:

testpmd> set vf vlan stripq (port_id) (vf_id) (on|off)

4.5.25. vlan set insert (for VF)

Set VLAN insert for a VF from the PF:

testpmd> set vf vlan insert (port_id) (vf_id) (vlan_id)

4.5.26. vlan set antispoof (for VF)

Set VLAN antispoof for a VF from the PF:

testpmd> set vf vlan antispoof (port_id) (vf_id) (on|off)

4.5.27. vlan set (strip|filter|qinq_strip|extend)

Set the VLAN strip/filter/QinQ strip/extend on for a port:

testpmd> vlan set (strip|filter|qinq_strip|extend) (on|off) (port_id)

4.5.28. vlan set tpid

Set the inner or outer VLAN TPID for packet filtering on a port:

testpmd> vlan set (inner|outer) tpid (value) (port_id)

Note

TPID value must be a 16-bit number (value <= 65536).

4.5.29. rx_vlan add

Add a VLAN ID, or all identifiers, to the set of VLAN identifiers filtered by port ID:

testpmd> rx_vlan add (vlan_id|all) (port_id)

Note

VLAN filter must be set on that port. VLAN ID < 4096. Depending on the NIC used, number of vlan_ids may be limited to the maximum entries in VFTA table. This is important if enabling all vlan_ids.

4.5.30. rx_vlan rm

Remove a VLAN ID, or all identifiers, from the set of VLAN identifiers filtered by port ID:

testpmd> rx_vlan rm (vlan_id|all) (port_id)

4.5.31. rx_vlan add (for VF)

Add a VLAN ID, to the set of VLAN identifiers filtered for VF(s) for port ID:

testpmd> rx_vlan add (vlan_id) port (port_id) vf (vf_mask)

4.5.32. rx_vlan rm (for VF)

Remove a VLAN ID, from the set of VLAN identifiers filtered for VF(s) for port ID:

testpmd> rx_vlan rm (vlan_id) port (port_id) vf (vf_mask)

4.5.33. rx_vxlan_port add

Add an UDP port for VXLAN packet filter on a port:

testpmd> rx_vxlan_port add (udp_port) (port_id)

4.5.34. rx_vxlan_port remove

Remove an UDP port for VXLAN packet filter on a port:

testpmd> rx_vxlan_port rm (udp_port) (port_id)

4.5.35. tx_vlan set

Set hardware insertion of VLAN IDs in packets sent on a port:

testpmd> tx_vlan set (port_id) vlan_id[, vlan_id_outer]

For example, set a single VLAN ID (5) insertion on port 0:

tx_vlan set 0 5

Or, set double VLAN ID (inner: 2, outer: 3) insertion on port 1:

tx_vlan set 1 2 3

4.5.36. tx_vlan set pvid

Set port based hardware insertion of VLAN ID in packets sent on a port:

testpmd> tx_vlan set pvid (port_id) (vlan_id) (on|off)

4.5.37. tx_vlan reset

Disable hardware insertion of a VLAN header in packets sent on a port:

testpmd> tx_vlan reset (port_id)

4.5.38. csum set

Select hardware or software calculation of the checksum when transmitting a packet using the csum forwarding engine:

testpmd> csum set (ip|udp|tcp|sctp|outer-ip|outer-udp) (hw|sw) (port_id)

Where:

  • ip|udp|tcp|sctp always relate to the inner layer.
  • outer-ip relates to the outer IP layer (only for IPv4) in the case where the packet is recognized as a tunnel packet by the forwarding engine (geneve, gre, gtp, ipip, vxlan and vxlan-gpe are supported). See also the csum parse-tunnel command.
  • outer-udp relates to the outer UDP layer in the case where the packet is recognized as a tunnel packet by the forwarding engine (geneve, gtp, vxlan and vxlan-gpe are supported). See also the csum parse-tunnel command.

Note

Check the NIC Datasheet for hardware limits.

4.5.39. csum parse-tunnel

Define how tunneled packets should be handled by the csum forward engine:

testpmd> csum parse-tunnel (on|off) (tx_port_id)

If enabled, the csum forward engine will try to recognize supported tunnel headers (geneve, gtp, gre, ipip, vxlan, vxlan-gpe).

If disabled, treat tunnel packets as non-tunneled packets (a inner header is handled as a packet payload).

Note

The port argument is the TX port like in the csum set command.

Example:

Consider a packet in packet like the following:

eth_out/ipv4_out/udp_out/vxlan/eth_in/ipv4_in/tcp_in
  • If parse-tunnel is enabled, the ip|udp|tcp|sctp parameters of csum set command relate to the inner headers (here ipv4_in and tcp_in), and the outer-ip|outer-udp parameter relates to the outer headers (here ipv4_out and udp_out).
  • If parse-tunnel is disabled, the ip|udp|tcp|sctp parameters of csum  set
    command relate to the outer headers, here ipv4_out and udp_out.

4.5.40. csum show

Display tx checksum offload configuration:

testpmd> csum show (port_id)

4.5.41. tso set

Enable TCP Segmentation Offload (TSO) in the csum forwarding engine:

testpmd> tso set (segsize) (port_id)

Note

Check the NIC datasheet for hardware limits.

4.5.42. tso show

Display the status of TCP Segmentation Offload:

testpmd> tso show (port_id)

4.5.43. tunnel tso set

Set tso segment size of tunneled packets for a port in csum engine:

testpmd> tunnel_tso set (tso_segsz) (port_id)

4.5.44. tunnel tso show

Display the status of tunneled TCP Segmentation Offload for a port:

testpmd> tunnel_tso show (port_id)

4.5.45. set port - gro

Enable or disable GRO in csum forwarding engine:

testpmd> set port <port_id> gro on|off

If enabled, the csum forwarding engine will perform GRO on the TCP/IPv4 packets received from the given port.

If disabled, packets received from the given port won’t be performed GRO. By default, GRO is disabled for all ports.

Note

When enable GRO for a port, TCP/IPv4 packets received from the port will be performed GRO. After GRO, all merged packets have bad checksums, since the GRO library doesn’t re-calculate checksums for the merged packets. Therefore, if users want the merged packets to have correct checksums, please select HW IP checksum calculation and HW TCP checksum calculation for the port which the merged packets are transmitted to.

4.5.46. show port - gro

Display GRO configuration for a given port:

testpmd> show port <port_id> gro

4.5.47. set gro flush

Set the cycle to flush the GROed packets from reassembly tables:

testpmd> set gro flush <cycles>

When enable GRO, the csum forwarding engine performs GRO on received packets, and the GROed packets are stored in reassembly tables. Users can use this command to determine when the GROed packets are flushed from the reassembly tables.

The cycles is measured in GRO operation times. The csum forwarding engine flushes the GROed packets from the tables every cycles GRO operations.

By default, the value of cycles is 1, which means flush GROed packets from the reassembly tables as soon as one GRO operation finishes. The value of cycles should be in the range of 1 to GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES.

Please note that the large value of cycles may cause the poor TCP/IP stack performance. Because the GROed packets are delayed to arrive the stack, thus causing more duplicated ACKs and TCP retransmissions.

4.5.48. set port - gso

Toggle per-port GSO support in csum forwarding engine:

testpmd> set port <port_id> gso on|off

If enabled, the csum forwarding engine will perform GSO on supported IPv4 packets, transmitted on the given port.

If disabled, packets transmitted on the given port will not undergo GSO. By default, GSO is disabled for all ports.

Note

When GSO is enabled on a port, supported IPv4 packets transmitted on that port undergo GSO. Afterwards, the segmented packets are represented by multi-segment mbufs; however, the csum forwarding engine doesn’t calculation of checksums for GSO’d segments in SW. As a result, if users want correct checksums in GSO segments, they should enable HW checksum calculation for GSO-enabled ports.

For example, HW checksum calculation for VxLAN GSO’d packets may be enabled by setting the following options in the csum forwarding engine:

testpmd> csum set outer_ip hw <port_id>

testpmd> csum set ip hw <port_id>

testpmd> csum set tcp hw <port_id>

UDP GSO is the same as IP fragmentation, which treats the UDP header as the payload and does not modify it during segmentation. That is, after UDP GSO, only the first output fragment has the original UDP header. Therefore, users need to enable HW IP checksum calculation and SW UDP checksum calculation for GSO-enabled ports, if they want correct checksums for UDP/IPv4 packets.

4.5.49. set gso segsz

Set the maximum GSO segment size (measured in bytes), which includes the packet header and the packet payload for GSO-enabled ports (global):

testpmd> set gso segsz <length>

4.5.50. show port - gso

Display the status of Generic Segmentation Offload for a given port:

testpmd> show port <port_id> gso

4.5.51. mac_addr add

Add an alternative MAC address to a port:

testpmd> mac_addr add (port_id) (XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX)

4.5.52. mac_addr remove

Remove a MAC address from a port:

testpmd> mac_addr remove (port_id) (XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX)

4.5.53. mcast_addr add

To add the multicast MAC address to/from the set of multicast addresses filtered by port:

testpmd> mcast_addr add (port_id) (mcast_addr)

4.5.54. mcast_addr remove

To remove the multicast MAC address to/from the set of multicast addresses filtered by port:

testpmd> mcast_addr remove (port_id) (mcast_addr)

4.5.55. mcast_addr flush

Flush all multicast MAC addresses on port_id:

testpmd> mcast_addr flush (port_id)

4.5.56. mac_addr add (for VF)

Add an alternative MAC address for a VF to a port:

testpmd> mac_add add port (port_id) vf (vf_id) (XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX)

4.5.57. mac_addr set

Set the default MAC address for a port:

testpmd> mac_addr set (port_id) (XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX)

4.5.58. mac_addr set (for VF)

Set the MAC address for a VF from the PF:

testpmd> set vf mac addr (port_id) (vf_id) (XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX)

4.5.59. set eth-peer

Set the forwarding peer address for certain port:

testpmd> set eth-peer (port_id) (peer_addr)

This is equivalent to the --eth-peer command-line option.

4.5.60. set port-uta

Set the unicast hash filter(s) on/off for a port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) uta (XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX|all) (on|off)

4.5.61. set promisc

Set the promiscuous mode on for a port or for all ports. In promiscuous mode packets are not dropped if they aren’t for the specified MAC address:

testpmd> set promisc (port_id|all) (on|off)

4.5.62. set allmulti

Set the allmulti mode for a port or for all ports:

testpmd> set allmulti (port_id|all) (on|off)

Same as the ifconfig (8) option. Controls how multicast packets are handled.

4.5.63. set flow_ctrl rx

Set the link flow control parameter on a port:

testpmd> set flow_ctrl rx (on|off) tx (on|off) (high_water) (low_water) \
         (pause_time) (send_xon) mac_ctrl_frame_fwd (on|off) \
         autoneg (on|off) (port_id)

Where:

  • high_water (integer): High threshold value to trigger XOFF.
  • low_water (integer): Low threshold value to trigger XON.
  • pause_time (integer): Pause quota in the Pause frame.
  • send_xon (0/1): Send XON frame.
  • mac_ctrl_frame_fwd: Enable receiving MAC control frames.
  • autoneg: Change the auto-negotiation parameter.

4.5.64. show flow control

show the link flow control parameter on a port:

testpmd> show port <port_id> flow_ctrl

4.5.65. set pfc_ctrl rx

Set the priority flow control parameter on a port:

testpmd> set pfc_ctrl rx (on|off) tx (on|off) (high_water) (low_water) \
         (pause_time) (priority) (port_id)

Where:

  • high_water (integer): High threshold value.
  • low_water (integer): Low threshold value.
  • pause_time (integer): Pause quota in the Pause frame.
  • priority (0-7): VLAN User Priority.

4.5.66. set pfc_queue_ctrl

Set the priority flow control parameter on a given Rx and Tx queue of a port:

testpmd> set pfc_queue_ctrl <port_id> rx (on|off) <tx_qid> <tx_tc> \
         tx (on|off) <rx_qid> <rx_tc> <pause_time>

Where:

  • tx_qid (integer): Tx qid for which tx_tc will be applied and traffic will be paused when PFC frame is received with tx_tc enabled.
  • tx_tc (0-15): TC for which traffic is to be paused for xmit.
  • rx_qid (integer): Rx qid for which threshold will be applied and PFC frame will be generated with tx_tc when exceeds the threshold.
  • rx_tc (0-15): TC filled in PFC frame for which remote Tx is to be paused.
  • pause_time (integer): Pause quanta filled in the PFC frame for which interval, remote Tx will be paused. Valid only if Tx pause is on.

4.5.67. Set Rx queue available descriptors threshold

Set available descriptors threshold for a specific Rx queue of port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) rxq (queue_id) avail_thresh (0..99)

Use 0 value to disable the threshold and corresponding event.

4.5.68. set stat_qmap

Set statistics mapping (qmapping 0..15) for RX/TX queue on port:

testpmd> set stat_qmap (tx|rx) (port_id) (queue_id) (qmapping)

For example, to set rx queue 2 on port 0 to mapping 5:

testpmd>set stat_qmap rx 0 2 5

4.5.69. set xstats-hide-zero

Set the option to hide zero values for xstats display:

testpmd> set xstats-hide-zero on|off

Note

By default, the zero values are displayed for xstats.

4.5.70. set port - rx/tx (for VF)

Set VF receive/transmit from a port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) vf (vf_id) (rx|tx) (on|off)

4.5.71. set port - rx mode(for VF)

Set the VF receive mode of a port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) vf (vf_id) \
         rxmode (AUPE|ROPE|BAM|MPE) (on|off)

The available receive modes are:

  • AUPE: Accepts untagged VLAN.
  • ROPE: Accepts unicast hash.
  • BAM: Accepts broadcast packets.
  • MPE: Accepts all multicast packets.

4.5.72. set port - tx_rate (for Queue)

Set TX rate limitation for a queue on a port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) queue (queue_id) rate (rate_value)

4.5.73. set port - tx_rate (for VF)

Set TX rate limitation for queues in VF on a port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) vf (vf_id) rate (rate_value) queue_mask (queue_mask)

4.5.74. set flush_rx

Set the flush on RX streams before forwarding. The default is flush on. Mainly used with PCAP drivers to turn off the default behavior of flushing the first 512 packets on RX streams:

testpmd> set flush_rx off

4.5.77. E-tag set

Enable E-tag insertion for a VF on a port:

testpmd> E-tag set insertion on port-tag-id (value) port (port_id) vf (vf_id)

Disable E-tag insertion for a VF on a port:

testpmd> E-tag set insertion off port (port_id) vf (vf_id)

Enable/disable E-tag stripping on a port:

testpmd> E-tag set stripping (on|off) port (port_id)

Enable/disable E-tag based forwarding on a port:

testpmd> E-tag set forwarding (on|off) port (port_id)

4.5.78. config per port Rx offloading

Enable or disable port Rx offloading on all Rx queues of a port:

testpmd> port config (port_id|all) rx_offload (offloading) on|off
  • offloading: can be any of these offloading capability:
    all, vlan_strip, ipv4_cksum, udp_cksum, tcp_cksum, tcp_lro, qinq_strip, outer_ipv4_cksum, macsec_strip, vlan_filter, vlan_extend, scatter, timestamp, security, keep_crc, rss_hash

This command should be run when the port is stopped, or else it will fail.

4.5.79. config per queue Rx offloading

Enable or disable a per queue Rx offloading only on a specific Rx queue:

testpmd> port (port_id) rxq (queue_id) rx_offload (offloading) on|off
  • offloading: can be any of these offloading capability:
    all, vlan_strip, ipv4_cksum, udp_cksum, tcp_cksum, tcp_lro, qinq_strip, outer_ipv4_cksum, macsec_strip, vlan_filter, vlan_extend, scatter, timestamp, security, keep_crc

This command should be run when the port is stopped, or else it will fail.

4.5.80. config per port Tx offloading

Enable or disable port Tx offloading on all Tx queues of a port:

testpmd> port config (port_id|all) tx_offload (offloading) on|off
  • offloading: can be any of these offloading capability:
    all, vlan_insert, ipv4_cksum, udp_cksum, tcp_cksum, sctp_cksum, tcp_tso, udp_tso, outer_ipv4_cksum, qinq_insert, vxlan_tnl_tso, gre_tnl_tso, ipip_tnl_tso, geneve_tnl_tso, macsec_insert, mt_lockfree, multi_segs, mbuf_fast_free, security

This command should be run when the port is stopped, or else it will fail.

4.5.81. config per queue Tx offloading

Enable or disable a per queue Tx offloading only on a specific Tx queue:

testpmd> port (port_id) txq (queue_id) tx_offload (offloading) on|off
  • offloading: can be any of these offloading capability:
    all, vlan_insert, ipv4_cksum, udp_cksum, tcp_cksum, sctp_cksum, tcp_tso, udp_tso, outer_ipv4_cksum, qinq_insert, vxlan_tnl_tso, gre_tnl_tso, ipip_tnl_tso, geneve_tnl_tso, macsec_insert, mt_lockfree, multi_segs, mbuf_fast_free, security

This command should be run when the port is stopped, or else it will fail.

4.5.82. config per queue Tx affinity mapping

Map a Tx queue with an aggregated port of the DPDK port (specified with port_id):

testpmd> port (port_id) txq (queue_id) affinity (value)
  • affinity: the number of the aggregated port.
    When multiple ports are aggregated into a single one, it allows to choose which port to use for Tx via a queue.

This command should be run when the port is stopped, otherwise it fails.

4.5.83. Config VXLAN Encap outer layers

Configure the outer layer to encapsulate a packet inside a VXLAN tunnel:

set vxlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) vni (vni) udp-src (udp-src) \
udp-dst (udp-dst) ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) eth-src (eth-src) \
eth-dst (eth-dst)

set vxlan-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) vni (vni) udp-src (udp-src) \
udp-dst (udp-dst) ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) vlan-tci (vlan-tci) \
eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)

set vxlan-tos-ttl ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) vni (vni) udp-src (udp-src) \
udp-dst (udp-dst) ip-tos (ip-tos) ip-ttl (ip-ttl) ip-src (ip-src) \
ip-dst (ip-dst) eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)

These commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action vxlan_encap will use the last configuration set. To have a different encapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.84. Config NVGRE Encap outer layers

Configure the outer layer to encapsulate a packet inside a NVGRE tunnel:

set nvgre ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) tni (tni) ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) \
       eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)
set nvgre-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) tni (tni) ip-src (ip-src) \
       ip-dst (ip-dst) vlan-tci (vlan-tci) eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)

These commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action nvgre_encap will use the last configuration set. To have a different encapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.85. Config L2 Encap

Configure the l2 to be used when encapsulating a packet with L2:

set l2_encap ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)
set l2_encap-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) vlan-tci (vlan-tci) \
       eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)

Those commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action l2_encap will use the last configuration set. To have a different encapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.86. Config L2 Decap

Configure the l2 to be removed when decapsulating a packet with L2:

set l2_decap ip-version (ipv4|ipv6)
set l2_decap-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6)

Those commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action l2_decap will use the last configuration set. To have a different encapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.87. Config MPLSoGRE Encap outer layers

Configure the outer layer to encapsulate a packet inside a MPLSoGRE tunnel:

set mplsogre_encap ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) label (label) \
       ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)
set mplsogre_encap-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) label (label) \
       ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) vlan-tci (vlan-tci) \
       eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)

These commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action mplsogre_encap will use the last configuration set. To have a different encapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.88. Config MPLSoGRE Decap outer layers

Configure the outer layer to decapsulate MPLSoGRE packet:

set mplsogre_decap ip-version (ipv4|ipv6)
set mplsogre_decap-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6)

These commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action mplsogre_decap will use the last configuration set. To have a different decapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.89. Config MPLSoUDP Encap outer layers

Configure the outer layer to encapsulate a packet inside a MPLSoUDP tunnel:

set mplsoudp_encap ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) label (label) udp-src (udp-src) \
       udp-dst (udp-dst) ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) \
       eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)
set mplsoudp_encap-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6) label (label) \
       udp-src (udp-src) udp-dst (udp-dst) ip-src (ip-src) ip-dst (ip-dst) \
       vlan-tci (vlan-tci) eth-src (eth-src) eth-dst (eth-dst)

These commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action mplsoudp_encap will use the last configuration set. To have a different encapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.90. Config MPLSoUDP Decap outer layers

Configure the outer layer to decapsulate MPLSoUDP packet:

set mplsoudp_decap ip-version (ipv4|ipv6)
set mplsoudp_decap-with-vlan ip-version (ipv4|ipv6)

These commands will set an internal configuration inside testpmd, any following flow rule using the action mplsoudp_decap will use the last configuration set. To have a different decapsulation header, one of those commands must be called before the flow rule creation.

4.5.91. Config Raw Encapsulation

Configure the raw data to be used when encapsulating a packet by rte_flow_action_raw_encap:

set raw_encap {index} {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end_set

There are multiple global buffers for raw_encap, this command will set one internal buffer index by {index}. If there is no {index} specified:

set raw_encap {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end_set

the default index 0 is used. In order to use different encapsulating header, index must be specified during the flow rule creation:

testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / ipv4 / end actions
       raw_encap index 2 / end

Otherwise the default index 0 is used.

4.5.92. Config Raw Decapsulation

Configure the raw data to be used when decapsulating a packet by rte_flow_action_raw_decap:

set raw_decap {index} {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end_set

There are multiple global buffers for raw_decap, this command will set one internal buffer index by {index}. If there is no {index} specified:

set raw_decap {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end_set

the default index 0 is used. In order to use different decapsulating header, index must be specified during the flow rule creation:

testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / ipv4 / end actions
         raw_encap index 3 / end

Otherwise the default index 0 is used.

4.5.93. Set fec mode

Set fec mode for a specific port:

testpmd> set port (port_id) fec_mode auto|off|rs|baser|llrs

4.5.94. Config Sample actions list

Configure the sample actions list to be used when sampling a packet by rte_flow_action_sample:

set sample_actions {index} {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end

There are multiple global buffers for sample_actions, this command will set one internal buffer index by {index}.

In order to use different sample actions list, index must be specified during the flow rule creation:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / end actions
       sample ratio 2 index 2 / end

Otherwise the default index 0 is used.

4.6. Port Functions

The following sections show functions for configuring ports.

Note

Port configuration changes only become active when forwarding is started/restarted.

4.6.1. port attach

Attach a port specified by pci address or virtual device args:

testpmd> port attach (identifier)

To attach a new pci device, the device should be recognized by kernel first. Then it should be moved under DPDK management. Finally the port can be attached to testpmd.

For example, to move a pci device using ixgbe under DPDK management:

# Check the status of the available devices.
./usertools/dpdk-devbind.py --status

Network devices using DPDK-compatible driver
============================================
<none>

Network devices using kernel driver
===================================
0000:0a:00.0 '82599ES 10-Gigabit' if=eth2 drv=ixgbe unused=


# Bind the device to igb_uio.
sudo ./usertools/dpdk-devbind.py -b igb_uio 0000:0a:00.0


# Recheck the status of the devices.
./usertools/dpdk-devbind.py --status
Network devices using DPDK-compatible driver
============================================
0000:0a:00.0 '82599ES 10-Gigabit' drv=igb_uio unused=

To attach a port created by virtual device, above steps are not needed.

For example, to attach a port whose pci address is 0000:0a:00.0.

testpmd> port attach 0000:0a:00.0
Attaching a new port...
EAL: PCI device 0000:0a:00.0 on NUMA socket -1
EAL:   probe driver: 8086:10fb rte_ixgbe_pmd
EAL:   PCI memory mapped at 0x7f83bfa00000
EAL:   PCI memory mapped at 0x7f83bfa80000
PMD: eth_ixgbe_dev_init(): MAC: 2, PHY: 18, SFP+: 5
PMD: eth_ixgbe_dev_init(): port 0 vendorID=0x8086 deviceID=0x10fb
Port 0 is attached. Now total ports is 1
Done

For example, to attach a port created by pcap PMD.

testpmd> port attach net_pcap0
Attaching a new port...
PMD: Initializing pmd_pcap for net_pcap0
PMD: Creating pcap-backed ethdev on numa socket 0
Port 0 is attached. Now total ports is 1
Done

In this case, identifier is net_pcap0. This identifier format is the same as --vdev format of DPDK applications.

For example, to re-attach a bonding port which has been previously detached, the mode and slave parameters must be given.

testpmd> port attach net_bond_0,mode=0,slave=1
Attaching a new port...
EAL: Initializing pmd_bond for net_bond_0
EAL: Create bonding device net_bond_0 on port 0 in mode 0 on socket 0.
Port 0 is attached. Now total ports is 1
Done

4.6.2. port detach

Detach a specific port:

testpmd> port detach (port_id)

Before detaching a port, the port should be stopped and closed.

For example, to detach a pci device port 0.

testpmd> port stop 0
Stopping ports...
Done
testpmd> port close 0
Closing ports...
Done

testpmd> port detach 0
Detaching a port...
EAL: PCI device 0000:0a:00.0 on NUMA socket -1
EAL:   remove driver: 8086:10fb rte_ixgbe_pmd
EAL:   PCI memory unmapped at 0x7f83bfa00000
EAL:   PCI memory unmapped at 0x7f83bfa80000
Done

For example, to detach a virtual device port 0.

testpmd> port stop 0
Stopping ports...
Done
testpmd> port close 0
Closing ports...
Done

testpmd> port detach 0
Detaching a port...
PMD: Closing pcap ethdev on numa socket 0
Port 'net_pcap0' is detached. Now total ports is 0
Done

To remove a pci device completely from the system, first detach the port from testpmd. Then the device should be moved under kernel management. Finally the device can be removed using kernel pci hotplug functionality.

For example, to move a pci device under kernel management:

sudo ./usertools/dpdk-devbind.py -b ixgbe 0000:0a:00.0

./usertools/dpdk-devbind.py --status

Network devices using DPDK-compatible driver
============================================
<none>

Network devices using kernel driver
===================================
0000:0a:00.0 '82599ES 10-Gigabit' if=eth2 drv=ixgbe unused=igb_uio

To remove a port created by a virtual device, above steps are not needed.

4.6.3. port start

Start all ports or a specific port:

testpmd> port start (port_id|all)

4.6.4. port stop

Stop all ports or a specific port:

testpmd> port stop (port_id|all)

4.6.5. port close

Close all ports or a specific port:

testpmd> port close (port_id|all)

4.6.6. port reset

Reset all ports or a specific port:

testpmd> port reset (port_id|all)

User should stop port(s) before resetting and (re-)start after reset.

4.6.7. port config - queue ring size

Configure a rx/tx queue ring size:

testpmd> port (port_id) (rxq|txq) (queue_id) ring_size (value)

Only take effect after command that (re-)start the port or command that setup specific queue.

4.6.8. port start/stop queue

Start/stop a rx/tx queue on a specific port:

testpmd> port (port_id) (rxq|txq) (queue_id) (start|stop)

4.6.9. port config - queue deferred start

Switch on/off deferred start of a specific port queue:

testpmd> port (port_id) (rxq|txq) (queue_id) deferred_start (on|off)

4.6.10. port setup queue

Setup a rx/tx queue on a specific port:

testpmd> port (port_id) (rxq|txq) (queue_id) setup

Only take effect when port is started.

4.6.11. port config - speed

Set the speed and duplex mode for all ports or a specific port:

testpmd> port config (port_id|all) speed (10|100|1000|2500|5000|10000|25000|40000|50000|100000|200000|400000|auto) \
         duplex (half|full|auto)

4.6.12. port config - queues/descriptors

Set number of queues/descriptors for rxq, txq, rxd and txd:

testpmd> port config all (rxq|txq|rxd|txd) (value)

This is equivalent to the --rxq, --txq, --rxd and --txd command-line options.

4.6.13. port config - max-pkt-len

Set the maximum packet length:

testpmd> port config all max-pkt-len (value)

This is equivalent to the --max-pkt-len command-line option.

4.6.14. port config - max-lro-pkt-size

Set the maximum LRO aggregated packet size:

testpmd> port config all max-lro-pkt-size (value)

This is equivalent to the --max-lro-pkt-size command-line option.

4.6.15. port config - Drop Packets

Enable or disable packet drop on all RX queues of all ports when no receive buffers available:

testpmd> port config all drop-en (on|off)

Packet dropping when no receive buffers available is off by default.

The on option is equivalent to the --enable-drop-en command-line option.

4.6.16. port config - RSS

Set the RSS (Receive Side Scaling) mode on or off::
testpmd> port config all rss (all|default|level-default|level-outer|level-inner|
ip|tcp|udp|sctp|tunnel|vlan|none| ipv4|ipv4-frag|ipv4-tcp|ipv4-udp|ipv4-sctp|ipv4-other| ipv6|ipv6-frag|ipv6-tcp|ipv6-udp|ipv6-sctp| ipv6-other|ipv6-ex|ipv6-tcp-ex|ipv6-udp-ex|ipv6-flow-label| l2-payload|port|vxlan|geneve|nvgre|gtpu|eth|s-vlan|c-vlan| esp|ah|l2tpv3|pfcp|pppoe|ecpri|mpls|ipv4-chksum|l4-chksum| l2tpv2|l3-pre96|l3-pre64|l3-pre56|l3-pre48|l3-pre40|l3-pre32| l2-dst-only|l2-src-only|l4-dst-only|l4-src-only|l3-dst-only|l3-src-only|<rsstype_id>)

RSS is on by default.

The all option is equivalent to eth|vlan|ip|tcp|udp|sctp|ether|l2tpv3|esp|ah|pfcp|l2tpv2.

The default option enables all supported RSS types reported by device info.

The none option is equivalent to the --disable-rss command-line option.

4.6.17. port config - RSS Reta

Set the RSS (Receive Side Scaling) redirection table:

testpmd> port config all rss reta (hash,queue)[,(hash,queue)]

4.6.18. port config - DCB

Set the DCB mode for an individual port:

testpmd> port config (port_id) dcb vt (on|off) (traffic_class) pfc (on|off)

The traffic class should be 4 or 8.

4.6.19. port config - Burst

Set the number of packets per burst:

testpmd> port config all burst (value)

This is equivalent to the --burst command-line option.

4.6.20. port config - Threshold

Set thresholds for TX/RX queues:

testpmd> port config all (threshold) (value)

Where the threshold type can be:

  • txpt: Set the prefetch threshold register of the TX rings, 0 <= value <= 255.
  • txht: Set the host threshold register of the TX rings, 0 <= value <= 255.
  • txwt: Set the write-back threshold register of the TX rings, 0 <= value <= 255.
  • rxpt: Set the prefetch threshold register of the RX rings, 0 <= value <= 255.
  • rxht: Set the host threshold register of the RX rings, 0 <= value <= 255.
  • rxwt: Set the write-back threshold register of the RX rings, 0 <= value <= 255.
  • txfreet: Set the transmit free threshold of the TX rings, 0 <= value <= txd.
  • rxfreet: Set the transmit free threshold of the RX rings, 0 <= value <= rxd.
  • txrst: Set the transmit RS bit threshold of TX rings, 0 <= value <= txd.

These threshold options are also available from the command-line.

4.6.21. port config pctype mapping

Reset pctype mapping table:

testpmd> port config (port_id) pctype mapping reset

Update hardware defined pctype to software defined flow type mapping table:

testpmd> port config (port_id) pctype mapping update (pctype_id_0[,pctype_id_1]*) (flow_type_id)

where:

  • pctype_id_x: hardware pctype id as index of bit in bitmask value of the pctype mapping table.
  • flow_type_id: software flow type id as the index of the pctype mapping table.

4.6.22. port config input set

Config RSS/FDIR/FDIR flexible payload input set for some pctype:

testpmd> port config (port_id) pctype (pctype_id) \
         (hash_inset|fdir_inset|fdir_flx_inset) \
         (get|set|clear) field (field_idx)

Clear RSS/FDIR/FDIR flexible payload input set for some pctype:

testpmd> port config (port_id) pctype (pctype_id) \
         (hash_inset|fdir_inset|fdir_flx_inset) clear all

where:

  • pctype_id: hardware packet classification types.
  • field_idx: hardware field index.

4.6.23. port config udp_tunnel_port

Add/remove UDP tunnel port for VXLAN/GENEVE tunneling protocols:

testpmd> port config (port_id) udp_tunnel_port add|rm vxlan|geneve|vxlan-gpe|ecpri (udp_port)

4.6.24. port config tx_metadata

Set Tx metadata value per port. testpmd will add this value to any Tx packet sent from this port:

testpmd> port config (port_id) tx_metadata (value)

4.6.25. port config dynf

Set/clear dynamic flag per port. testpmd will register this flag in the mbuf (same registration for both Tx and Rx). Then set/clear this flag for each Tx packet sent from this port. The set bit only works for Tx packet:

testpmd> port config (port_id) dynf (name) (set|clear)

4.6.26. port config mtu

To configure MTU(Maximum Transmission Unit) on devices using testpmd:

testpmd> port config mtu (port_id) (value)

4.6.27. port config rss hash key

To configure the RSS hash key used to compute the RSS hash of input [IP] packets received on port:

testpmd> port config <port_id> rss-hash-key (ipv4|ipv4-frag|\
                  ipv4-tcp|ipv4-udp|ipv4-sctp|ipv4-other|\
                  ipv6|ipv6-frag|ipv6-tcp|ipv6-udp|ipv6-sctp|\
                  ipv6-other|l2-payload|ipv6-ex|ipv6-tcp-ex|\
                  ipv6-udp-ex <string of hex digits \
                  (variable length, NIC dependent)>)

4.6.28. port config rss hash algorithm

To configure the RSS hash algorithm used to compute the RSS hash of input packets received on port:

testpmd> port config <port_id> rss-hash-algo (default|\
                  simple_xor|toeplitz|symmetric_toeplitz|\
                  symmetric_toeplitz_sort)

4.6.29. port cleanup txq mbufs

To cleanup txq mbufs currently cached by driver:

testpmd> port cleanup (port_id) txq (queue_id) (free_cnt)

If the value of free_cnt is 0, driver should free all cached mbufs.

4.7. Device Functions

The following sections show functions for device operations.

4.7.1. device detach

Detach a device specified by pci address or virtual device args:

testpmd> device detach (identifier)

Before detaching a device associated with ports, the ports should be stopped and closed.

For example, to detach a pci device whose address is 0002:03:00.0.

testpmd> device detach 0002:03:00.0
Removing a device...
Port 1 is now closed
EAL: Releasing pci mapped resource for 0002:03:00.0
EAL: Calling pci_unmap_resource for 0002:03:00.0 at 0x218a050000
EAL: Calling pci_unmap_resource for 0002:03:00.0 at 0x218c050000
Device 0002:03:00.0 is detached
Now total ports is 1

For example, to detach a port created by pcap PMD.

testpmd> device detach net_pcap0
Removing a device...
Port 0 is now closed
Device net_pcap0 is detached
Now total ports is 0
Done

In this case, identifier is net_pcap0. This identifier format is the same as --vdev format of DPDK applications.

4.9. Traffic Metering and Policing

The following section shows functions for configuring traffic metering and policing on the ethernet device through the use of generic ethdev API.

4.9.1. show port traffic management capability

Show traffic metering and policing capability of the port:

testpmd> show port meter cap (port_id)

4.9.2. add port meter profile (srTCM rfc2967)

Add meter profile (srTCM rfc2697) to the ethernet device:

testpmd> add port meter profile srtcm_rfc2697 (port_id) (profile_id) \
(cir) (cbs) (ebs) (packet_mode)

where:

  • profile_id: ID for the meter profile.
  • cir: Committed Information Rate (CIR) (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • cbs: Committed Burst Size (CBS) (bytes or packets).
  • ebs: Excess Burst Size (EBS) (bytes or packets).
  • packet_mode: Packets mode for meter profile.

4.9.3. add port meter profile (trTCM rfc2968)

Add meter profile (srTCM rfc2698) to the ethernet device:

testpmd> add port meter profile trtcm_rfc2698 (port_id) (profile_id) \
(cir) (pir) (cbs) (pbs) (packet_mode)

where:

  • profile_id: ID for the meter profile.
  • cir: Committed information rate (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • pir: Peak information rate (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • cbs: Committed burst size (bytes or packets).
  • pbs: Peak burst size (bytes or packets).
  • packet_mode: Packets mode for meter profile.

4.9.4. add port meter profile (trTCM rfc4115)

Add meter profile (trTCM rfc4115) to the ethernet device:

testpmd> add port meter profile trtcm_rfc4115 (port_id) (profile_id) \
(cir) (eir) (cbs) (ebs) (packet_mode)

where:

  • profile_id: ID for the meter profile.
  • cir: Committed information rate (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • eir: Excess information rate (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • cbs: Committed burst size (bytes or packets).
  • ebs: Excess burst size (bytes or packets).
  • packet_mode: Packets mode for meter profile.

4.9.5. delete port meter profile

Delete meter profile from the ethernet device:

testpmd> del port meter profile (port_id) (profile_id)

4.9.6. create port policy

Create new policy object for the ethernet device:

testpmd> add port meter policy (port_id) (policy_id) g_actions \
{action} y_actions {action} r_actions {action}

where:

  • policy_id: policy ID.
  • action: action lists for green/yellow/red colors.

4.9.7. delete port policy

Delete policy object for the ethernet device:

testpmd> del port meter policy (port_id) (policy_id)

where:

  • policy_id: policy ID.

4.9.8. create port meter

Create new meter object for the ethernet device:

testpmd> create port meter (port_id) (mtr_id) (profile_id) \
(policy_id) (meter_enable) (stats_mask) (shared) (default_input_color) \
(use_pre_meter_color) [(dscp_tbl_entry0) (dscp_tbl_entry1)...\
(dscp_tbl_entry63)] [(vlan_tbl_entry0) (vlan_tbl_entry1) ... \
(vlan_tbl_entry15)]

where:

  • mtr_id: meter object ID.
  • profile_id: ID for the meter profile.
  • policy_id: ID for the policy.
  • meter_enable: When this parameter has a non-zero value, the meter object gets enabled at the time of creation, otherwise remains disabled.
  • stats_mask: Mask of statistics counter types to be enabled for the meter object.
  • shared: When this parameter has a non-zero value, the meter object is shared by multiple flows. Otherwise, meter object is used by single flow.
  • default_input_color: Default input color for incoming packets. If incoming packet misses DSCP or VLAN input color table then it will be used as input color.
  • use_pre_meter_color: When this parameter has a non-zero value, the input color for the current meter object is determined by the latest meter object in the same flow. Otherwise, the current meter object uses the dscp_table to determine the input color.
  • dscp_tbl_entryx: DSCP table entry x providing meter providing input color, 0 <= x <= 63.
  • vlan_tbl_entryx: VLAN table entry x providing meter input color, 0 <= x <= 15.

4.9.9. enable port meter

Enable meter for the ethernet device:

testpmd> enable port meter (port_id) (mtr_id)

4.9.10. disable port meter

Disable meter for the ethernet device:

testpmd> disable port meter (port_id) (mtr_id)

4.9.11. delete port meter

Delete meter for the ethernet device:

testpmd> del port meter (port_id) (mtr_id)

4.9.12. Set port meter profile

Set meter profile for the ethernet device:

testpmd> set port meter profile (port_id) (mtr_id) (profile_id)

4.9.13. set port meter dscp table

Set meter dscp table for the ethernet device:

testpmd> set port meter dscp table (port_id) (mtr_id) (proto) \
[(dscp_tbl_entry0) (dscp_tbl_entry1)...(dscp_tbl_entry63)]

4.9.14. set port meter vlan table

Set meter VLAN table for the Ethernet device:

testpmd> set port meter vlan table (port_id) (mtr_id) (proto) \
[(vlan_tbl_entry0) (vlan_tbl_entry1)...(vlan_tbl_entry15)]

4.9.15. set port meter protocol

Set meter protocol and corresponding priority:

testpmd> set port meter proto (port_id) (mtr_id) (proto) (prio)

4.9.16. get port meter protocol

Get meter protocol:

testpmd> get port meter proto (port_id) (mtr_id)

4.9.17. get port meter protocol priority

Get priority associated to meter protocol:

testpmd> get port meter proto_prio (port_id) (mtr_id) (proto)

4.9.18. set port meter stats mask

Set meter stats mask for the ethernet device:

testpmd> set port meter stats mask (port_id) (mtr_id) (stats_mask)

where:

  • stats_mask: Bit mask indicating statistics counter types to be enabled.

4.9.19. show port meter stats

Show meter stats of the ethernet device:

testpmd> show port meter stats (port_id) (mtr_id) (clear)

where:

  • clear: Flag that indicates whether the statistics counters should be cleared (i.e. set to zero) immediately after they have been read or not.

4.10. Traffic Management

The following section shows functions for configuring traffic management on the ethernet device through the use of generic TM API.

4.10.1. show port traffic management capability

Show traffic management capability of the port:

testpmd> show port tm cap (port_id)

4.10.2. show port traffic management capability (hierarchy level)

Show traffic management hierarchy level capability of the port:

testpmd> show port tm level cap (port_id) (level_id)

4.10.3. show port traffic management capability (hierarchy node level)

Show the traffic management hierarchy node capability of the port:

testpmd> show port tm node cap (port_id) (node_id)

4.10.4. show port traffic management hierarchy node type

Show the port traffic management hierarchy node type:

testpmd> show port tm node type (port_id) (node_id)

4.10.5. show port traffic management hierarchy node stats

Show the port traffic management hierarchy node statistics:

testpmd> show port tm node stats (port_id) (node_id) (clear)

where:

  • clear: When this parameter has a non-zero value, the statistics counters are cleared (i.e. set to zero) immediately after they have been read, otherwise the statistics counters are left untouched.

4.10.6. Add port traffic management private shaper profile

Add the port traffic management private shaper profile:

testpmd> add port tm node shaper profile (port_id) (shaper_profile_id) \
(cmit_tb_rate) (cmit_tb_size) (peak_tb_rate) (peak_tb_size) \
(packet_length_adjust) (packet_mode)

where:

  • shaper_profile id: Shaper profile ID for the new profile.
  • cmit_tb_rate: Committed token bucket rate (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • cmit_tb_size: Committed token bucket size (bytes or packets).
  • peak_tb_rate: Peak token bucket rate (bytes per second or packets per second).
  • peak_tb_size: Peak token bucket size (bytes or packets).
  • packet_length_adjust: The value (bytes) to be added to the length of each packet for the purpose of shaping. This parameter value can be used to correct the packet length with the framing overhead bytes that are consumed on the wire.
  • packet_mode: Shaper configured in packet mode. This parameter value if zero, configures shaper in byte mode and if non-zero configures it in packet mode.

4.10.7. Delete port traffic management private shaper profile

Delete the port traffic management private shaper:

testpmd> del port tm node shaper profile (port_id) (shaper_profile_id)

where:

  • shaper_profile id: Shaper profile ID that needs to be deleted.

4.10.8. Add port traffic management shared shaper

Create the port traffic management shared shaper:

testpmd> add port tm node shared shaper (port_id) (shared_shaper_id) \
(shaper_profile_id)

where:

  • shared_shaper_id: Shared shaper ID to be created.
  • shaper_profile id: Shaper profile ID for shared shaper.

4.10.9. Set port traffic management shared shaper

Update the port traffic management shared shaper:

testpmd> set port tm node shared shaper (port_id) (shared_shaper_id) \
(shaper_profile_id)

where:

  • shared_shaper_id: Shared shaper ID to be update.
  • shaper_profile id: Shaper profile ID for shared shaper.

4.10.10. Delete port traffic management shared shaper

Delete the port traffic management shared shaper:

testpmd> del port tm node shared shaper (port_id) (shared_shaper_id)

where:

  • shared_shaper_id: Shared shaper ID to be deleted.

4.10.11. Set port traffic management hierarchy node private shaper

set the port traffic management hierarchy node private shaper:

testpmd> set port tm node shaper profile (port_id) (node_id) \
(shaper_profile_id)

where:

  • shaper_profile id: Private shaper profile ID to be enabled on the hierarchy node.

4.10.12. Add port traffic management WRED profile

Create a new WRED profile:

testpmd> add port tm node wred profile (port_id) (wred_profile_id) \
(color_g) (min_th_g) (max_th_g) (maxp_inv_g) (wq_log2_g) \
(color_y) (min_th_y) (max_th_y) (maxp_inv_y) (wq_log2_y) \
(color_r) (min_th_r) (max_th_r) (maxp_inv_r) (wq_log2_r)

where:

  • wred_profile id: Identifier for the newly create WRED profile
  • color_g: Packet color (green)
  • min_th_g: Minimum queue threshold for packet with green color
  • max_th_g: Minimum queue threshold for packet with green color
  • maxp_inv_g: Inverse of packet marking probability maximum value (maxp)
  • wq_log2_g: Negated log2 of queue weight (wq)
  • color_y: Packet color (yellow)
  • min_th_y: Minimum queue threshold for packet with yellow color
  • max_th_y: Minimum queue threshold for packet with yellow color
  • maxp_inv_y: Inverse of packet marking probability maximum value (maxp)
  • wq_log2_y: Negated log2 of queue weight (wq)
  • color_r: Packet color (red)
  • min_th_r: Minimum queue threshold for packet with yellow color
  • max_th_r: Minimum queue threshold for packet with yellow color
  • maxp_inv_r: Inverse of packet marking probability maximum value (maxp)
  • wq_log2_r: Negated log2 of queue weight (wq)

4.10.13. Delete port traffic management WRED profile

Delete the WRED profile:

testpmd> del port tm node wred profile (port_id) (wred_profile_id)

4.10.14. Add port traffic management hierarchy nonleaf node

Add nonleaf node to port traffic management hierarchy:

testpmd> add port tm nonleaf node (port_id) (node_id) (parent_node_id) \
(priority) (weight) (level_id) (shaper_profile_id) \
(n_sp_priorities) (stats_mask) (n_shared_shapers) \
[(shared_shaper_0) (shared_shaper_1) ...] \

where:

  • parent_node_id: Node ID of the parent.
  • priority: Node priority (highest node priority is zero). This is used by the SP algorithm running on the parent node for scheduling this node.
  • weight: Node weight (lowest weight is one). The node weight is relative to the weight sum of all siblings that have the same priority. It is used by the WFQ algorithm running on the parent node for scheduling this node.
  • level_id: Hierarchy level of the node.
  • shaper_profile_id: Shaper profile ID of the private shaper to be used by the node.
  • n_sp_priorities: Number of strict priorities.
  • stats_mask: Mask of statistics counter types to be enabled for this node.
  • n_shared_shapers: Number of shared shapers.
  • shared_shaper_id: Shared shaper id.

4.10.15. Add port traffic management hierarchy nonleaf node with packet mode

Add nonleaf node with packet mode to port traffic management hierarchy:

testpmd> add port tm nonleaf node pktmode (port_id) (node_id) (parent_node_id) \
(priority) (weight) (level_id) (shaper_profile_id) \
(n_sp_priorities) (stats_mask) (n_shared_shapers) \
[(shared_shaper_0) (shared_shaper_1) ...] \

where:

  • parent_node_id: Node ID of the parent.
  • priority: Node priority (highest node priority is zero). This is used by the SP algorithm running on the parent node for scheduling this node.
  • weight: Node weight (lowest weight is one). The node weight is relative to the weight sum of all siblings that have the same priority. It is used by the WFQ algorithm running on the parent node for scheduling this node.
  • level_id: Hierarchy level of the node.
  • shaper_profile_id: Shaper profile ID of the private shaper to be used by the node.
  • n_sp_priorities: Number of strict priorities. Packet mode is enabled on all of them.
  • stats_mask: Mask of statistics counter types to be enabled for this node.
  • n_shared_shapers: Number of shared shapers.
  • shared_shaper_id: Shared shaper id.

4.10.16. Add port traffic management hierarchy leaf node

Add leaf node to port traffic management hierarchy:

testpmd> add port tm leaf node (port_id) (node_id) (parent_node_id) \
(priority) (weight) (level_id) (shaper_profile_id) \
(cman_mode) (wred_profile_id) (stats_mask) (n_shared_shapers) \
[(shared_shaper_id) (shared_shaper_id) ...] \

where:

  • parent_node_id: Node ID of the parent.
  • priority: Node priority (highest node priority is zero). This is used by the SP algorithm running on the parent node for scheduling this node.
  • weight: Node weight (lowest weight is one). The node weight is relative to the weight sum of all siblings that have the same priority. It is used by the WFQ algorithm running on the parent node for scheduling this node.
  • level_id: Hierarchy level of the node.
  • shaper_profile_id: Shaper profile ID of the private shaper to be used by the node.
  • cman_mode: Congestion management mode to be enabled for this node.
  • wred_profile_id: WRED profile id to be enabled for this node.
  • stats_mask: Mask of statistics counter types to be enabled for this node.
  • n_shared_shapers: Number of shared shapers.
  • shared_shaper_id: Shared shaper id.

4.10.17. Delete port traffic management hierarchy node

Delete node from port traffic management hierarchy:

testpmd> del port tm node (port_id) (node_id)

4.10.18. Update port traffic management hierarchy parent node

Update port traffic management hierarchy parent node:

testpmd> set port tm node parent (port_id) (node_id) (parent_node_id) \
(priority) (weight)

This function can only be called after the hierarchy commit invocation. Its success depends on the port support for this operation, as advertised through the port capability set. This function is valid for all nodes of the traffic management hierarchy except root node.

4.10.19. Suspend port traffic management hierarchy node

testpmd> suspend port tm node (port_id) (node_id)

4.10.20. Resume port traffic management hierarchy node

testpmd> resume port tm node (port_id) (node_id)

4.10.21. Commit port traffic management hierarchy

Commit the traffic management hierarchy on the port:

testpmd> port tm hierarchy commit (port_id) (clean_on_fail)

where:

  • clean_on_fail: When set to non-zero, hierarchy is cleared on function call failure. On the other hand, hierarchy is preserved when this parameter is equal to zero.

4.10.22. Set port traffic management mark VLAN dei

Enables/Disables the traffic management marking on the port for VLAN packets:

testpmd> set port tm mark vlan_dei <port_id> <green> <yellow> <red>

where:

  • port_id: The port which on which VLAN packets marked as green or yellow or red will have dei bit enabled
  • green enable 1, disable 0 marking for dei bit of VLAN packets marked as green
  • yellow enable 1, disable 0 marking for dei bit of VLAN packets marked as yellow
  • red enable 1, disable 0 marking for dei bit of VLAN packets marked as red

4.10.23. Set port traffic management mark IP dscp

Enables/Disables the traffic management marking on the port for IP dscp packets:

testpmd> set port tm mark ip_dscp <port_id> <green> <yellow> <red>

where:

  • port_id: The port which on which IP packets marked as green or yellow or red will have IP dscp bits updated
  • green enable 1, disable 0 marking IP dscp to low drop precedence for green packets
  • yellow enable 1, disable 0 marking IP dscp to medium drop precedence for yellow packets
  • red enable 1, disable 0 marking IP dscp to high drop precedence for red packets

4.10.24. Set port traffic management mark IP ecn

Enables/Disables the traffic management marking on the port for IP ecn packets:

testpmd> set port tm mark ip_ecn <port_id> <green> <yellow> <red>

where:

  • port_id: The port which on which IP packets marked as green or yellow or red will have IP ecn bits updated
  • green enable 1, disable 0 marking IP ecn for green marked packets with ecn of 2’b01 or 2’b10 to ecn of 2’b11 when IP is caring TCP or SCTP
  • yellow enable 1, disable 0 marking IP ecn for yellow marked packets with ecn of 2’b01 or 2’b10 to ecn of 2’b11 when IP is caring TCP or SCTP
  • red enable 1, disable 0 marking IP ecn for yellow marked packets with ecn of 2’b01 or 2’b10 to ecn of 2’b11 when IP is caring TCP or SCTP

4.11. Congestion Management

4.11.1. Get capabilities

Retrieve congestion management capabilities supported by driver for given port. Below example command retrieves capabilities for port 0:

testpmd> show port cman capa 0

4.11.2. Get configuration

Retrieve congestion management configuration for given port. Below example command retrieves configuration for port 0:

testpmd> show port cman config 0

4.11.3. Set configuration

Configures congestion management settings on given queue or mempool associated with queue. Below example command configures RED as congestion management algorithm for port 0 and queue 0:

testpmd> set port cman config 0 0 obj queue mode red 10 100 1

4.12. Filter Functions

This section details the available filter functions that are available.

Note these functions interface the deprecated legacy filtering framework, superseded by rte_flow. See Flow rules management.

4.13. Flow rules management

Control of the generic flow API (rte_flow) is fully exposed through the flow command (configuration, validation, creation, destruction, queries and operation modes).

Considering rte_flow overlaps with all Filter Functions, using both features simultaneously may cause undefined side-effects and is therefore not recommended.

4.13.1. flow syntax

Because the flow command uses dynamic tokens to handle the large number of possible flow rules combinations, its behavior differs slightly from other commands, in particular:

  • Pressing ? or the <tab> key displays contextual help for the current token, not that of the entire command.
  • Optional and repeated parameters are supported (provided they are listed in the contextual help).

The first parameter stands for the operation mode. Possible operations and their general syntax are described below. They are covered in detail in the following sections.

  • Get info about flow engine:

    flow info {port_id}
    
  • Configure flow engine:

    flow configure {port_id}
        [queues_number {number}] [queues_size {size}]
        [counters_number {number}]
        [aging_counters_number {number}]
        [meters_number {number}] [flags {number}]
    
  • Create a pattern template:

    flow pattern_template {port_id} create [pattern_template_id {id}]
        [relaxed {boolean}] [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
        template {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
    
  • Destroy a pattern template:

    flow pattern_template {port_id} destroy pattern_template {id} [...]
    
  • Create an actions template:

    flow actions_template {port_id} create [actions_template_id {id}]
        [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
        template {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end
        mask {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end
    
  • Destroy an actions template:

    flow actions_template {port_id} destroy actions_template {id} [...]
    
  • Create a table:

    flow table {port_id} create
        [table_id {id}] [resizable]
        [group {group_id}] [priority {level}] [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
        rules_number {number}
        pattern_template {pattern_template_id}
        actions_template {actions_template_id}
    
  • Resize a table:

    flow template_table {port_id} resize
        table_resize_id {id} table_resize_rules_num {number}
    
  • Complete table resize:

    flow template_table {port_id} resize_complete table {table_id}
    
  • Destroy a table:

    flow table {port_id} destroy table {id} [...]
    
  • Check whether a flow rule can be created:

    flow validate {port_id}
        [group {group_id}] [priority {level}] [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
        pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
        actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end
    
  • Enqueue creation of a flow rule:

    flow queue {port_id} create {queue_id}
        [postpone {boolean}] template_table {table_id}
        pattern_template {pattern_template_index}
        actions_template {actions_template_index}
        pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
        actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end
    
  • Enqueue flow update following table resize:

    flow queue {port_id} update_resized {table_id} rule {rule_id}
    
  • Enqueue destruction of specific flow rules:

    flow queue {port_id} destroy {queue_id}
        [postpone {boolean}] rule {rule_id} [...]
    
  • Push enqueued operations:

    flow push {port_id} queue {queue_id}
    
  • Pull all operations results from a queue:

    flow pull {port_id} queue {queue_id}
    
  • Create a flow rule:

    flow create {port_id}
        [group {group_id}] [priority {level}] [ingress] [egress]
        [transfer] [tunnel_set {tunnel_id}] [tunnel_match {tunnel_id}]
        [user_id {user_id}] pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
        actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end
    
  • Destroy specific flow rules:

    flow destroy {port_id} rule {rule_id} [...] [user_id]
    
  • Destroy all flow rules:

    flow flush {port_id}
    
  • Query an existing flow rule:

    flow query {port_id} {rule_id} {action} [user_id]
    
  • List existing flow rules sorted by priority, filtered by group identifiers:

    flow list {port_id} [group {group_id}] [...]
    
  • Restrict ingress traffic to the defined flow rules:

    flow isolate {port_id} {boolean}
    
  • Dump internal representation information of all flows in hardware:

    flow dump {port_id} all {output_file} [user_id]
    

    for one flow:

    flow dump {port_id} rule {rule_id} {output_file} [user_id]
    
  • List and destroy aged flow rules:

    flow aged {port_id} [destroy]
    
  • Enqueue list and destroy aged flow rules:

    flow queue {port_id} aged {queue_id} [destroy]
    
  • Tunnel offload - create a tunnel stub:

    flow tunnel create {port_id} type {tunnel_type}
    
  • Tunnel offload - destroy a tunnel stub:

    flow tunnel destroy {port_id} id {tunnel_id}
    
  • Tunnel offload - list port tunnel stubs:

    flow tunnel list {port_id}
    

4.13.2. Retrieving info about flow management engine

flow info retrieves info on pre-configurable resources in the underlying device to give a hint of possible values for flow engine configuration.

rte_flow_info_get():

flow info {port_id}

If successful, it will show:

Flow engine resources on port #[...]:
Number of queues: #[...]
Size of queues: #[...]
Number of counters: #[...]
Number of aging objects: #[...]
Number of meters: #[...]

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.3. Configuring flow management engine

flow configure pre-allocates all the needed resources in the underlying device to be used later at the flow creation. Flow queues are allocated as well for asynchronous flow creation/destruction operations. It is bound to rte_flow_configure():

flow configure {port_id}
    [queues_number {number}] [queues_size {size}]
    [counters_number {number}]
    [aging_counters_number {number}]
    [host_port {number}]
    [meters_number {number}]
    [flags {number}]

If successful, it will show:

Configure flows on port #[...]: number of queues #[...] with #[...] elements

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.4. Creating pattern templates

flow pattern_template create creates the specified pattern template. It is bound to rte_flow_pattern_template_create():

flow pattern_template {port_id} create [pattern_template_id {id}]
    [relaxed {boolean}] [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
        template {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end

If successful, it will show:

Pattern template #[...] created

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

This command uses the same pattern items as flow create, their format is described in Creating flow rules.

4.13.5. Destroying pattern templates

flow pattern_template destroy destroys one or more pattern templates from their template ID (as returned by flow pattern_template create), this command calls rte_flow_pattern_template_destroy() as many times as necessary:

flow pattern_template {port_id} destroy pattern_template {id} [...]

If successful, it will show:

Pattern template #[...] destroyed

It does not report anything for pattern template IDs that do not exist. The usual error message is shown when a pattern template cannot be destroyed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.6. Creating actions templates

flow actions_template create creates the specified actions template. It is bound to rte_flow_actions_template_create():

flow actions_template {port_id} create [actions_template_id {id}]
    [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
        template {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end
    mask {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end

If successful, it will show:

Actions template #[...] created

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

This command uses the same actions as flow create, their format is described in Creating flow rules.

4.13.7. Destroying actions templates

flow actions_template destroy destroys one or more actions templates from their template ID (as returned by flow actions_template create), this command calls rte_flow_actions_template_destroy() as many times as necessary:

flow actions_template {port_id} destroy actions_template {id} [...]

If successful, it will show:

Actions template #[...] destroyed

It does not report anything for actions template IDs that do not exist. The usual error message is shown when an actions template cannot be destroyed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.8. Creating template table

flow template_table create creates the specified template table. It is bound to rte_flow_template_table_create():

flow template_table {port_id} create
    [table_id {id}] [group {group_id}]
    [priority {level}] [ingress] [egress]
    [transfer [vport_orig] [wire_orig]]
    rules_number {number}
    pattern_template {pattern_template_id}
    actions_template {actions_template_id}

If successful, it will show:

Template table #[...] created

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.9. Destroying flow table

flow template_table destroy destroys one or more template tables from their table ID (as returned by flow template_table create), this command calls rte_flow_template_table_destroy() as many times as necessary:

flow template_table {port_id} destroy table {id} [...]

If successful, it will show:

Template table #[...] destroyed

It does not report anything for table IDs that do not exist. The usual error message is shown when a table cannot be destroyed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.10. Pushing enqueued operations

flow push pushes all the outstanding enqueued operations to the underlying device immediately. It is bound to rte_flow_push():

flow push {port_id} queue {queue_id}

If successful, it will show:

Queue #[...] operations pushed

The usual error message is shown when operations cannot be pushed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.11. Pulling flow operations results

flow pull asks the underlying device about flow queue operations results and return all the processed (successfully or not) operations. It is bound to rte_flow_pull():

flow pull {port_id} queue {queue_id}

If successful, it will show:

Queue #[...] pulled #[...] operations (#[...] failed, #[...] succeeded)

The usual error message is shown when operations results cannot be pulled:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

4.13.12. Calculating hash

flow hash {port_id} template_table calculates the hash for a given pattern. It is bound to rte_flow_calc_table_hash():

flow hash {port_id} template_table {table_id}
    pattern_template {pattern_template_index}
    actions_template {actions_template_index}
    pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end

If successful, it will show the calculated hash result as seen below:

Hash results 0x[...]

Otherwise, it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

This command uses the same pattern items as flow create, their format is described in Creating flow rules.

4.13.13. Simulate encap hash calculation

flow hash {port_id} encap adds hash query, that returns the hash value that the HW will calculate when encapsulating a packet:

flow hash {port_id} encap {target field} pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end

If successful, it will show:

encap hash result #[...]

The value will be shown as uint16_t without endian conversion.

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Failed to calculate encap hash - [...]

4.13.14. Creating a tunnel stub for offload

flow tunnel create setup a tunnel stub for tunnel offload flow rules:

flow tunnel create {port_id} type {tunnel_type}

If successful, it will return a tunnel stub ID usable with other commands:

port [...]: flow tunnel #[...] type [...]

Tunnel stub ID is relative to a port.

4.13.15. Destroying tunnel offload stub

flow tunnel destroy destroy port tunnel stub:

flow tunnel destroy {port_id} id {tunnel_id}

4.13.16. Listing tunnel offload stubs

flow tunnel list list port tunnel offload stubs:

flow tunnel list {port_id}

4.13.17. Validating flow rules

flow validate reports whether a flow rule would be accepted by the underlying device in its current state but stops short of creating it. It is bound to rte_flow_validate():

flow validate {port_id}
   [group {group_id}] [priority {level}] [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
   pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
   actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end

If successful, it will show:

Flow rule validated

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

This command uses the same parameters as flow create, their format is described in Creating flow rules.

Check whether redirecting any Ethernet packet received on port 0 to RX queue index 6 is supported:

testpmd> flow validate 0 ingress pattern eth / end
   actions queue index 6 / end
Flow rule validated
testpmd>

Port 0 does not support TCPv6 rules:

testpmd> flow validate 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / tcp / end
   actions drop / end
Caught error type 9 (specific pattern item): Invalid argument
testpmd>

4.13.18. Creating flow rules

flow create validates and creates the specified flow rule. It is bound to rte_flow_create():

flow create {port_id}
   [group {group_id}] [priority {level}] [ingress] [egress] [transfer]
   [tunnel_set {tunnel_id}] [tunnel_match {tunnel_id}]
   [user_id {user_id}] pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
   actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end

If successful, it will return a flow rule ID usable with other commands:

Flow rule #[...] created

Or if user_id is provided:

Flow rule #[...] created, user-id [...]

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Parameters describe in the following order:

  • Attributes (group, priority, ingress, egress, transfer tokens).
  • Tunnel offload specification (tunnel_set, tunnel_match)
  • User identifier for the flow.
  • A matching pattern, starting with the pattern token and terminated by an end pattern item.
  • Actions, starting with the actions token and terminated by an end action.

These translate directly to rte_flow objects provided as-is to the underlying functions.

The shortest valid definition only comprises mandatory tokens:

testpmd> flow create 0 pattern end actions end

Note that PMDs may refuse rules that essentially do nothing such as this one.

All unspecified object values are automatically initialized to 0.

4.13.19. Enqueueing creation of flow rules

flow queue create adds creation operation of a flow rule to a queue. It is bound to rte_flow_async_create():

flow queue {port_id} create {queue_id}
    [postpone {boolean}] template_table {table_id}
    pattern_template {pattern_template_index}
    actions_template {actions_template_index}
    pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
    actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end

If successful, it will return a flow rule ID usable with other commands:

Flow rule #[...] creaion enqueued

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

This command uses the same pattern items and actions as flow create, their format is described in Creating flow rules.

flow queue pull must be called to retrieve the operation status.

4.13.19.1. Attributes

These tokens affect flow rule attributes (struct rte_flow_attr) and are specified before the pattern token.

  • group {group id}: priority group.
  • priority {level}: priority level within group.
  • ingress: rule applies to ingress traffic.
  • egress: rule applies to egress traffic.
  • transfer: apply rule directly to endpoints found in pattern.

Please note that use of transfer attribute requires that the flow and its indirect components be managed via so-called transfer proxy port. See show flow transfer proxy port ID for the given port for details.

Each instance of an attribute specified several times overrides the previous value as shown below (group 4 is used):

testpmd> flow create 0 group 42 group 24 group 4 [...]

Note that once enabled, ingress and egress cannot be disabled.

While not specifying a direction is an error, some rules may allow both simultaneously.

Most rules affect RX therefore contain the ingress token:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern [...]

4.13.19.2. Tunnel offload

Indicate tunnel offload rule type

  • tunnel_set {tunnel_id}: mark rule as tunnel offload decap_set type.
  • tunnel_match {tunnel_id}: mark rule as tunnel offload match type.

4.13.19.3. Matching pattern

A matching pattern starts after the pattern token. It is made of pattern items and is terminated by a mandatory end item.

Items are named after their type (RTE_FLOW_ITEM_TYPE_ from enum rte_flow_item_type).

The / token is used as a separator between pattern items as shown below:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / end [...]

Note that protocol items like these must be stacked from lowest to highest layer to make sense. For instance, the following rule is either invalid or unlikely to match any packet:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / udp / ipv4 / end [...]

More information on these restrictions can be found in the rte_flow documentation.

Several items support additional specification structures, for example ipv4 allows specifying source and destination addresses as follows:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1
   dst is 10.2.0.0 / end [...]

This rule matches all IPv4 traffic with the specified properties.

In this example, src and dst are field names of the underlying struct rte_flow_item_ipv4 object. All item properties can be specified in a similar fashion.

The is token means that the subsequent value must be matched exactly, and assigns spec and mask fields in struct rte_flow_item accordingly. Possible assignment tokens are:

  • is: match value perfectly (with full bit-mask).
  • spec: match value according to configured bit-mask.
  • last: specify upper bound to establish a range.
  • mask: specify bit-mask with relevant bits set to one.
  • prefix: generate bit-mask with <prefix-length> most-significant bits set to one.

These yield identical results:

ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1
ipv4 src spec 10.1.1.1 src mask 255.255.255.255
ipv4 src spec 10.1.1.1 src prefix 32
ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1 src last 10.1.1.1 # range with a single value
ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1 src last 0 # 0 disables range

Inclusive ranges can be defined with last:

ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1 src last 10.2.3.4 # 10.1.1.1 to 10.2.3.4

Note that mask affects both spec and last:

ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1 src last 10.2.3.4 src mask 255.255.0.0
   # matches 10.1.0.0 to 10.2.255.255

Properties can be modified multiple times:

ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1 src is 10.1.2.3 src is 10.2.3.4 # matches 10.2.3.4
ipv4 src is 10.1.1.1 src prefix 24 src prefix 16 # matches 10.1.0.0/16

4.13.19.4. Pattern items

This section lists supported pattern items and their attributes, if any.

  • end: end list of pattern items.

  • void: no-op pattern item.

  • invert: perform actions when pattern does not match.

  • any: match any protocol for the current layer.

    • num {unsigned}: number of layers covered.
  • port_id: match traffic from/to a given DPDK port ID.

    • id {unsigned}: DPDK port ID.
  • mark: match value set in previously matched flow rule using the mark action.

    • id {unsigned}: arbitrary integer value.
  • raw: match an arbitrary byte string.

    • relative {boolean}: look for pattern after the previous item.
    • search {boolean}: search pattern from offset (see also limit).
    • offset {integer}: absolute or relative offset for pattern.
    • limit {unsigned}: search area limit for start of pattern.
    • pattern {string}: byte string to look for.
    • pattern_hex {string}: byte string (provided in hexadecimal) to look for.
  • eth: match Ethernet header.

    • dst {MAC-48}: destination MAC.
    • src {MAC-48}: source MAC.
    • type {unsigned}: EtherType or TPID.
  • vlan: match 802.1Q/ad VLAN tag.

    • tci {unsigned}: tag control information.
    • pcp {unsigned}: priority code point.
    • dei {unsigned}: drop eligible indicator.
    • vid {unsigned}: VLAN identifier.
    • inner_type {unsigned}: inner EtherType or TPID.
  • ipv4: match IPv4 header.

    • version_ihl {unsigned}: IPv4 version and IP header length.
    • tos {unsigned}: type of service.
    • ttl {unsigned}: time to live.
    • proto {unsigned}: next protocol ID.
    • src {ipv4 address}: source address.
    • dst {ipv4 address}: destination address.
  • ipv6: match IPv6 header.

    • tc {unsigned}: traffic class.
    • flow {unsigned}: flow label.
    • proto {unsigned}: protocol (next header).
    • hop {unsigned}: hop limit.
    • src {ipv6 address}: source address.
    • dst {ipv6 address}: destination address.
  • icmp: match ICMP header.

    • type {unsigned}: ICMP packet type.
    • code {unsigned}: ICMP packet code.
  • udp: match UDP header.

    • src {unsigned}: UDP source port.
    • dst {unsigned}: UDP destination port.
  • tcp: match TCP header.

    • src {unsigned}: TCP source port.
    • dst {unsigned}: TCP destination port.
  • sctp: match SCTP header.

    • src {unsigned}: SCTP source port.
    • dst {unsigned}: SCTP destination port.
    • tag {unsigned}: validation tag.
    • cksum {unsigned}: checksum.
  • vxlan: match VXLAN header.

    • vni {unsigned}: VXLAN identifier.
    • last_rsvd {unsigned}: VXLAN last reserved 8-bits.
  • e_tag: match IEEE 802.1BR E-Tag header.

    • grp_ecid_b {unsigned}: GRP and E-CID base.
  • nvgre: match NVGRE header.

    • tni {unsigned}: virtual subnet ID.
  • mpls: match MPLS header.

    • label {unsigned}: MPLS label.
  • gre: match GRE header.

    • protocol {unsigned}: protocol type.
  • gre_key: match GRE optional key field.

    • value {unsigned}: key value.
  • gre_option: match GRE optional fields(checksum/key/sequence).

    • checksum {unsigned}: checksum value.
    • key {unsigned}: key value.
    • sequence {unsigned}: sequence number value.
  • fuzzy: fuzzy pattern match, expect faster than default.

    • thresh {unsigned}: accuracy threshold.
  • gtp, gtpc, gtpu: match GTPv1 header.

    • teid {unsigned}: tunnel endpoint identifier.
  • geneve: match GENEVE header.

    • vni {unsigned}: virtual network identifier.
    • protocol {unsigned}: protocol type.
  • geneve-opt: match GENEVE header option.

    • class {unsigned}: GENEVE option class.
    • type {unsigned}: GENEVE option type.
    • length {unsigned}: GENEVE option length in 32-bit words.
    • data {hex string}: GENEVE option data, the length is defined by length field.
  • vxlan-gpe: match VXLAN-GPE header.

    • vni {unsigned}: VXLAN-GPE identifier.
    • flags {unsigned}: VXLAN-GPE flags.
    • rsvd0 {unsigned}: VXLAN-GPE reserved field 0.
    • rsvd1 {unsigned}: VXLAN-GPE reserved field 1.
  • arp_eth_ipv4: match ARP header for Ethernet/IPv4.

    • sha {MAC-48}: sender hardware address.
    • spa {ipv4 address}: sender IPv4 address.
    • tha {MAC-48}: target hardware address.
    • tpa {ipv4 address}: target IPv4 address.
  • ipv6_ext: match presence of any IPv6 extension header.

    • next_hdr {unsigned}: next header.
  • icmp6: match any ICMPv6 header.

    • type {unsigned}: ICMPv6 type.
    • code {unsigned}: ICMPv6 code.
  • icmp6_echo_request: match ICMPv6 echo request.

    • ident {unsigned}: ICMPv6 echo request identifier.
    • seq {unsigned}: ICMPv6 echo request sequence number.
  • icmp6_echo_reply: match ICMPv6 echo reply.

    • ident {unsigned}: ICMPv6 echo reply identifier.
    • seq {unsigned}: ICMPv6 echo reply sequence number.
  • icmp6_nd_ns: match ICMPv6 neighbor discovery solicitation.

    • target_addr {ipv6 address}: target address.
  • icmp6_nd_na: match ICMPv6 neighbor discovery advertisement.

    • target_addr {ipv6 address}: target address.
  • icmp6_nd_opt: match presence of any ICMPv6 neighbor discovery option.

    • type {unsigned}: ND option type.
  • icmp6_nd_opt_sla_eth: match ICMPv6 neighbor discovery source Ethernet link-layer address option.

    • sla {MAC-48}: source Ethernet LLA.
  • icmp6_nd_opt_tla_eth: match ICMPv6 neighbor discovery target Ethernet link-layer address option.

    • tla {MAC-48}: target Ethernet LLA.
  • meta: match application specific metadata.

    • data {unsigned}: metadata value.
  • random: match application specific random value.

    • value {unsigned}: random value.
  • gtp_psc: match GTP PDU extension header with type 0x85.

    • pdu_type {unsigned}: PDU type.
    • qfi {unsigned}: QoS flow identifier.
  • pppoes, pppoed: match PPPoE header.

    • session_id {unsigned}: session identifier.
  • pppoe_proto_id: match PPPoE session protocol identifier.

    • proto_id {unsigned}: PPP protocol identifier.
  • l2tpv3oip: match L2TPv3 over IP header.

    • session_id {unsigned}: L2TPv3 over IP session identifier.
  • ah: match AH header.

    • spi {unsigned}: security parameters index.
  • pfcp: match PFCP header.

    • s_field {unsigned}: S field.
    • seid {unsigned}: session endpoint identifier.
  • integrity: match packet integrity.

    • level {unsigned}: Packet encapsulation level the item should apply to. See rte_flow_action_rss for details.
    • value {unsigned}: A bitmask that specify what packet elements must be matched for integrity.
  • conntrack: match conntrack state.

  • port_representor: match traffic entering the embedded switch from the given ethdev

    • port_id {unsigned}: ethdev port ID
  • represented_port: match traffic entering the embedded switch from the entity represented by the given ethdev

    • ethdev_port_id {unsigned}: ethdev port ID
  • l2tpv2: match L2TPv2 header.

    • length {unsigned}: L2TPv2 option length.
    • tunnel_id {unsigned}: L2TPv2 tunnel identifier.
    • session_id {unsigned}: L2TPv2 session identifier.
    • ns {unsigned}: L2TPv2 option ns.
    • nr {unsigned}: L2TPv2 option nr.
    • offset_size {unsigned}: L2TPv2 option offset.
  • ppp: match PPP header.

    • addr {unsigned}: PPP address.
    • ctrl {unsigned}: PPP control.
    • proto_id {unsigned}: PPP protocol identifier.
  • ib_bth: match InfiniBand BTH(base transport header).

    • opcode {unsigned}: Opcode.
    • pkey {unsigned}: Partition key.
    • dst_qp {unsigned}: Destination Queue Pair.
    • psn {unsigned}: Packet Sequence Number.
  • meter: match meter color.

    • color {value}: meter color value (green/yellow/red).
  • aggr_affinity: match aggregated port.

    • affinity {value}: aggregated port (starts from 1).
  • tx_queue: match Tx queue of sent packet.

    • tx_queue {value}: send queue value (starts from 0).
  • send_to_kernel: send packets to kernel.

  • ptype: match the packet type (L2/L3/L4 and tunnel information).

    • packet_type {unsigned}: packet type.
  • compare: match the comparison result between packet fields or value.

    • op {string}: comparison operation type.
    • a_type {string}: compared field.
    • b_type {string}: comparator field.
    • width {unsigned}: comparison width.

4.13.19.5. Actions list

A list of actions starts after the actions token in the same fashion as Matching pattern; actions are separated by / tokens and the list is terminated by a mandatory end action.

Actions are named after their type (RTE_FLOW_ACTION_TYPE_ from enum rte_flow_action_type).

Dropping all incoming UDPv4 packets can be expressed as follows:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / end
   actions drop / end

Several actions have configurable properties which must be specified when there is no valid default value. For example, queue requires a target queue index.

This rule redirects incoming UDPv4 traffic to queue index 6:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / end
   actions queue index 6 / end

While this one could be rejected by PMDs (unspecified queue index):

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / end
   actions queue / end

As defined by rte_flow, the list is not ordered, all actions of a given rule are performed simultaneously. These are equivalent:

queue index 6 / void / mark id 42 / end
void / mark id 42 / queue index 6 / end

All actions in a list should have different types, otherwise only the last action of a given type is taken into account:

queue index 4 / queue index 5 / queue index 6 / end # will use queue 6
drop / drop / drop / end # drop is performed only once
mark id 42 / queue index 3 / mark id 24 / end # mark will be 24

Considering they are performed simultaneously, opposite and overlapping actions can sometimes be combined when the end result is unambiguous:

drop / queue index 6 / end # drop has no effect
queue index 6 / rss queues 6 7 8 / end # queue has no effect
drop / passthru / end # drop has no effect

Note that PMDs may still refuse such combinations.

4.13.19.6. Actions

This section lists supported actions and their attributes, if any.

  • end: end list of actions.
  • void: no-op action.
  • passthru: let subsequent rule process matched packets.
  • jump: redirect traffic to group on device.
    • group {unsigned}: group to redirect to.
  • mark: attach 32 bit value to packets.
    • id {unsigned}: 32 bit value to return with packets.
  • flag: flag packets.
  • queue: assign packets to a given queue index.
    • index {unsigned}: queue index to use.
  • drop: drop packets (note: passthru has priority).
  • count: enable counters for this rule.
  • rss: spread packets among several queues.
    • func {hash function}: RSS hash function to apply, allowed tokens are toeplitz, simple_xor, symmetric_toeplitz and default.
    • level {unsigned}: encapsulation level for types.
    • types [{RSS hash type} [...]] end: specific RSS hash types. Note that an empty list does not disable RSS but instead requests unspecified “best-effort” settings.
    • key {string}: RSS hash key, overrides key_len.
    • key_len {unsigned}: RSS hash key length in bytes, can be used in conjunction with key to pad or truncate it.
    • queues [{unsigned} [...]] end: queue indices to use.
  • pf: direct traffic to physical function.
  • vf: direct traffic to a virtual function ID.
    • original {boolean}: use original VF ID if possible.
    • id {unsigned}: VF ID.
  • port_id: direct matching traffic to a given DPDK port ID.
    • original {boolean}: use original DPDK port ID if possible.
    • id {unsigned}: DPDK port ID.
  • of_set_mpls_ttl: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_SET_MPLS_TTL.
    • mpls_ttl: MPLS TTL.
  • of_dec_mpls_ttl: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_DEC_MPLS_TTL.
  • of_set_nw_ttl: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_SET_NW_TTL.
    • nw_ttl: IP TTL.
  • of_dec_nw_ttl: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_DEC_NW_TTL.
  • of_copy_ttl_out: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_COPY_TTL_OUT.
  • of_copy_ttl_in: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_COPY_TTL_IN.
  • of_pop_vlan: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_POP_VLAN.
  • of_push_vlan: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_PUSH_VLAN.
    • ethertype: Ethertype.
  • of_set_vlan_vid: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_SET_VLAN_VID.
    • vlan_vid: VLAN id.
  • of_set_vlan_pcp: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_SET_VLAN_PCP.
    • vlan_pcp: VLAN priority.
  • of_pop_mpls: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_POP_MPLS.
    • ethertype: Ethertype.
  • of_push_mpls: OpenFlow’s OFPAT_PUSH_MPLS.
    • ethertype: Ethertype.
  • vxlan_encap: Performs a VXLAN encapsulation, outer layer configuration is done through Config VXLAN Encap outer layers.
  • vxlan_decap: Performs a decapsulation action by stripping all headers of the VXLAN tunnel network overlay from the matched flow.
  • nvgre_encap: Performs a NVGRE encapsulation, outer layer configuration is done through Config NVGRE Encap outer layers.
  • nvgre_decap: Performs a decapsulation action by stripping all headers of the NVGRE tunnel network overlay from the matched flow.
  • l2_encap: Performs a L2 encapsulation, L2 configuration is done through Config L2 Encap.
  • l2_decap: Performs a L2 decapsulation, L2 configuration is done through Config L2 Decap.
  • mplsogre_encap: Performs a MPLSoGRE encapsulation, outer layer configuration is done through Config MPLSoGRE Encap outer layers.
  • mplsogre_decap: Performs a MPLSoGRE decapsulation, outer layer configuration is done through Config MPLSoGRE Decap outer layers.
  • mplsoudp_encap: Performs a MPLSoUDP encapsulation, outer layer configuration is done through Config MPLSoUDP Encap outer layers.
  • mplsoudp_decap: Performs a MPLSoUDP decapsulation, outer layer configuration is done through Config MPLSoUDP Decap outer layers.
  • set_ipv4_src: Set a new IPv4 source address in the outermost IPv4 header.
    • ipv4_addr: New IPv4 source address.
  • set_ipv4_dst: Set a new IPv4 destination address in the outermost IPv4 header.
    • ipv4_addr: New IPv4 destination address.
  • set_ipv6_src: Set a new IPv6 source address in the outermost IPv6 header.
    • ipv6_addr: New IPv6 source address.
  • set_ipv6_dst: Set a new IPv6 destination address in the outermost IPv6 header.
    • ipv6_addr: New IPv6 destination address.
  • set_tp_src: Set a new source port number in the outermost TCP/UDP header.
    • port: New TCP/UDP source port number.
  • set_tp_dst: Set a new destination port number in the outermost TCP/UDP header.
    • port: New TCP/UDP destination port number.
  • mac_swap: Swap the source and destination MAC addresses in the outermost Ethernet header.
  • dec_ttl: Performs a decrease TTL value action
  • set_ttl: Set TTL value with specified value - ttl_value {unsigned}: The new TTL value to be set
  • set_mac_src: set source MAC address
    • mac_addr {MAC-48}: new source MAC address
  • set_mac_dst: set destination MAC address
    • mac_addr {MAC-48}: new destination MAC address
  • inc_tcp_seq: Increase sequence number in the outermost TCP header.
    • value {unsigned}: Value to increase TCP sequence number by.
  • dec_tcp_seq: Decrease sequence number in the outermost TCP header.
    • value {unsigned}: Value to decrease TCP sequence number by.
  • inc_tcp_ack: Increase acknowledgment number in the outermost TCP header.
    • value {unsigned}: Value to increase TCP acknowledgment number by.
  • dec_tcp_ack: Decrease acknowledgment number in the outermost TCP header.
    • value {unsigned}: Value to decrease TCP acknowledgment number by.
  • set_ipv4_dscp: Set IPv4 DSCP value with specified value
    • dscp_value {unsigned}: The new DSCP value to be set
  • set_ipv6_dscp: Set IPv6 DSCP value with specified value
    • dscp_value {unsigned}: The new DSCP value to be set
  • indirect: Use indirect action created via flow indirect_action {port_id} create
    • indirect_action_id {unsigned}: Indirect action ID to use
  • color: Color the packet to reflect the meter color result
    • type {value}: Set color type with specified value(green/yellow/red)
  • port_representor: at embedded switch level, send matching traffic to the given ethdev
    • port_id {unsigned}: ethdev port ID
  • represented_port: at embedded switch level, send matching traffic to the entity represented by the given ethdev
    • ethdev_port_id {unsigned}: ethdev port ID
  • meter_mark: meter the directed packets using profile and policy
    • mtr_profile {unsigned}: meter profile ID to use
    • mtr_policy {unsigned}: meter policy ID to use
    • mtr_color_mode {unsigned}: meter color-awareness mode (blind/aware)
    • mtr_init_color {value}: initial color value (green/yellow/red)
    • mtr_state {unsigned}: meter state (disabled/enabled)
  • modify_field: Modify packet field
    • op: modify operation (set/add/sub)
    • dst_type: the destination field to be modified, the supported fields as enum rte_flow_field_id listed.
    • dst_level: destination field level.
    • dst_tag_index: destination field tag array.
    • dst_type_id: destination field type ID.
    • dst_class: destination field class ID.
    • dst_offset: destination field bit offset.
    • src_type: the modify source field, the supported fields as enum rte_flow_field_id listed.
    • src_level: source field level.
    • src_tag_index: source field tag array.
    • src_type_id: source field type ID.
    • src_class: source field class ID.
    • src_offset: source field bit offset.
    • src_value: source immediate value.
    • src_ptr: pointer to source immediate value.
    • width: number of bits to copy.
  • nat64: NAT64 IP headers translation
    • type {unsigned}: NAT64 translation type

4.13.20. Destroying flow rules

flow destroy destroys one or more rules from their rule ID (as returned by flow create), this command calls rte_flow_destroy() as many times as necessary:

flow destroy {port_id} rule {rule_id} [...] [user_id]

If successful, it will show:

Flow rule #[...] destroyed

Or if user_id flag is provided:

Flow rule #[...] destroyed, user-id [...]

Optional user_id is a flag that signifies the rule ID is the one provided by the user at creation. It does not report anything for rule IDs that do not exist. The usual error message is shown when a rule cannot be destroyed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

flow flush destroys all rules on a device and does not take extra arguments. It is bound to rte_flow_flush():

flow flush {port_id}

Any errors are reported as above.

Creating several rules and destroying them:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / end
   actions queue index 2 / end
Flow rule #0 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / end
   actions queue index 3 / end
Flow rule #1 created
testpmd> flow destroy 0 rule 0 rule 1
Flow rule #1 destroyed
Flow rule #0 destroyed
testpmd>

The same result can be achieved using flow flush:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / end
   actions queue index 2 / end
Flow rule #0 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / end
   actions queue index 3 / end
Flow rule #1 created
testpmd> flow flush 0
testpmd>

Non-existent rule IDs are ignored:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / end
   actions queue index 2 / end
Flow rule #0 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / end
   actions queue index 3 / end
Flow rule #1 created
testpmd> flow destroy 0 rule 42 rule 10 rule 2
testpmd>
testpmd> flow destroy 0 rule 0
Flow rule #0 destroyed
testpmd>

4.13.21. Enqueueing destruction of flow rules

flow queue destroy adds destruction operations to destroy one or more rules from their rule ID (as returned by flow queue create) to a queue, this command calls rte_flow_async_destroy() as many times as necessary:

flow queue {port_id} destroy {queue_id}
     [postpone {boolean}] rule {rule_id} [...]

If successful, it will show:

Flow rule #[...] destruction enqueued

It does not report anything for rule IDs that do not exist. The usual error message is shown when a rule cannot be destroyed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

flow queue pull must be called to retrieve the operation status.

4.13.22. Querying flow rules

flow query queries a specific action of a flow rule having that ability. Such actions collect information that can be reported using this command. It is bound to rte_flow_query():

flow query {port_id} {rule_id} {action} [user_id]

Optional user_id is a flag that signifies the rule ID is the one provided by the user at creation. If successful, it will display either the retrieved data for known actions or the following message:

Cannot display result for action type [...] ([...])

Otherwise, it will complain either that the rule does not exist or that some error occurred:

Flow rule #[...] not found
Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Currently only the count action is supported. This action reports the number of packets that hit the flow rule and the total number of bytes. Its output has the following format:

count:
 hits_set: [...] # whether "hits" contains a valid value
 bytes_set: [...] # whether "bytes" contains a valid value
 hits: [...] # number of packets
 bytes: [...] # number of bytes

Querying counters for TCPv6 packets redirected to queue 6:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / tcp / end
   actions queue index 6 / count / end
Flow rule #4 created
testpmd> flow query 0 4 count
count:
 hits_set: 1
 bytes_set: 0
 hits: 386446
 bytes: 0
testpmd>

4.13.23. Listing flow rules

flow list lists existing flow rules sorted by priority and optionally filtered by group identifiers:

flow list {port_id} [group {group_id}] [...]

This command only fails with the following message if the device does not exist:

Invalid port [...]

Output consists of a header line followed by a short description of each flow rule, one per line. There is no output at all when no flow rules are configured on the device:

ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
[...]   [...]   [...]   [...]   [...]

Attr column flags:

  • i for ingress.
  • e for egress.

Creating several flow rules and listing them:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / end
   actions queue index 6 / end
Flow rule #0 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / end
   actions queue index 2 / end
Flow rule #1 created
testpmd> flow create 0 priority 5 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / end
   actions rss queues 6 7 8 end / end
Flow rule #2 created
testpmd> flow list 0
ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
0       0       0       i-      ETH IPV4 => QUEUE
1       0       0       i-      ETH IPV6 => QUEUE
2       0       5       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP => RSS
testpmd>

Rules are sorted by priority (i.e. group ID first, then priority level):

testpmd> flow list 1
ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
0       0       0       i-      ETH => COUNT
6       0       500     i-      ETH IPV6 TCP => DROP COUNT
5       0       1000    i-      ETH IPV6 ICMP => QUEUE
1       24      0       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP => QUEUE
4       24      10      i-      ETH IPV4 TCP => DROP
3       24      20      i-      ETH IPV4 => DROP
2       24      42      i-      ETH IPV4 UDP => QUEUE
7       63      0       i-      ETH IPV6 UDP VXLAN => MARK QUEUE
testpmd>

Output can be limited to specific groups:

testpmd> flow list 1 group 0 group 63
ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
0       0       0       i-      ETH => COUNT
6       0       500     i-      ETH IPV6 TCP => DROP COUNT
5       0       1000    i-      ETH IPV6 ICMP => QUEUE
7       63      0       i-      ETH IPV6 UDP VXLAN => MARK QUEUE
testpmd>

4.13.24. Toggling isolated mode

flow isolate can be used to tell the underlying PMD that ingress traffic must only be injected from the defined flow rules; that no default traffic is expected outside those rules and the driver is free to assign more resources to handle them. It is bound to rte_flow_isolate():

flow isolate {port_id} {boolean}

If successful, enabling or disabling isolated mode shows either:

Ingress traffic on port [...]
   is now restricted to the defined flow rules

Or:

Ingress traffic on port [...]
   is not restricted anymore to the defined flow rules

Otherwise, in case of error:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Mainly due to its side effects, PMDs supporting this mode may not have the ability to toggle it more than once without reinitializing affected ports first (e.g. by exiting testpmd).

Enabling isolated mode:

testpmd> flow isolate 0 true
Ingress traffic on port 0 is now restricted to the defined flow rules
testpmd>

Disabling isolated mode:

testpmd> flow isolate 0 false
Ingress traffic on port 0 is not restricted anymore to the defined flow rules
testpmd>

4.13.25. Dumping HW internal information

flow dump dumps the hardware’s internal representation information of all flows. It is bound to rte_flow_dev_dump():

flow dump {port_id} {output_file} [user_id]

If successful, it will show:

Flow dump finished

Otherwise, it will complain error occurred:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Optional user_id is a flag that signifies the rule ID is the one provided by the user at creation.

4.13.26. Listing and destroying aged flow rules

flow aged simply lists aged flow rules be get from api rte_flow_get_aged_flows, and destroy parameter can be used to destroy those flow rules in PMD:

flow aged {port_id} [destroy]

Listing current aged flow rules:

testpmd> flow aged 0
Port 0 total aged flows: 0
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.14 / end
   actions age timeout 5 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #0 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.15 / end
   actions age timeout 4 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #1 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.16 / end
   actions age timeout 2 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #2 created
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.17 / end
   actions age timeout 3 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #3 created

Aged Rules are simply list as command flow list {port_id}, but strip the detail rule information, all the aged flows are sorted by the longest timeout time. For example, if those rules be configured in the same time, ID 2 will be the first aged out rule, the next will be ID 3, ID 1, ID 0:

testpmd> flow aged 0
Port 0 total aged flows: 4
ID      Group   Prio    Attr
2       0       0       i--
3       0       0       i--
1       0       0       i--
0       0       0       i--

If attach destroy parameter, the command will destroy all the list aged flow rules:

testpmd> flow aged 0 destroy
Port 0 total aged flows: 4
ID      Group   Prio    Attr
2       0       0       i--
3       0       0       i--
1       0       0       i--
0       0       0       i--

Flow rule #2 destroyed
Flow rule #3 destroyed
Flow rule #1 destroyed
Flow rule #0 destroyed
4 flows be destroyed
testpmd> flow aged 0
Port 0 total aged flows: 0

4.13.27. Enqueueing listing and destroying aged flow rules

flow queue aged simply lists aged flow rules be get from rte_flow_get_q_aged_flows API, and destroy parameter can be used to destroy those flow rules in PMD:

flow queue {port_id} aged {queue_id} [destroy]

Listing current aged flow rules:

testpmd> flow queue 0 aged 0
Port 0 queue 0 total aged flows: 0
testpmd> flow queue 0 create 0 ingress tanle 0 item_template 0 action_template 0
   pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.14 / end
   actions age timeout 5 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #0 creation enqueued
testpmd> flow queue 0 create 0 ingress tanle 0 item_template 0 action_template 0
   pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.15 / end
   actions age timeout 4 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #1 creation enqueued
testpmd> flow queue 0 create 0 ingress tanle 0 item_template 0 action_template 0
   pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.16 / end
   actions age timeout 4 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #2 creation enqueued
testpmd> flow queue 0 create 0 ingress tanle 0 item_template 0 action_template 0
   pattern eth / ipv4 src is 2.2.2.17 / end
   actions age timeout 4 / queue index 0 /  end
Flow rule #3 creation enqueued
testpmd> flow pull 0 queue 0
Queue #0 pulled 4 operations (0 failed, 4 succeeded)

Aged Rules are simply list as command flow queue {port_id} list {queue_id}, but strip the detail rule information, all the aged flows are sorted by the longest timeout time. For example, if those rules is configured in the same time, ID 2 will be the first aged out rule, the next will be ID 3, ID 1, ID 0:

testpmd> flow queue 0 aged 0
Port 0 queue 0 total aged flows: 4
ID      Group   Prio    Attr
2       0       0       ---
3       0       0       ---
1       0       0       ---
0       0       0       ---

0 flows destroyed

If attach destroy parameter, the command will destroy all the list aged flow rules:

testpmd> flow queue 0 aged 0 destroy
Port 0 queue 0 total aged flows: 4
ID      Group   Prio    Attr
2       0       0       ---
3       0       0       ---
1       0       0       ---
0       0       0       ---
Flow rule #2 destruction enqueued
Flow rule #3 destruction enqueued
Flow rule #1 destruction enqueued
Flow rule #0 destruction enqueued

4 flows destroyed
testpmd> flow queue 0 aged 0
Port 0 total aged flows: 0

Note

The queue must be empty before attaching destroy parameter.

4.13.28. Creating indirect actions

flow indirect_action {port_id} create creates indirect action with optional indirect action ID. It is bound to rte_flow_action_handle_create():

flow indirect_action {port_id} create [action_id {indirect_action_id}]
   [ingress] [egress] [transfer] action {action} / end

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] created

Otherwise, it will complain either that indirect action already exists or that some error occurred:

Indirect action #[...] is already assigned, delete it first
Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Create indirect rss action with id 100 to queues 1 and 2 on port 0:

testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 create action_id 100 \
   ingress action rss queues 1 2 end / end

Create indirect rss action with id assigned by testpmd to queues 1 and 2 on port 0:

testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 create action_id \
        ingress action rss queues 0 1 end / end

4.13.29. Enqueueing creation of indirect actions

flow queue indirect_action create adds creation operation of an indirect action to a queue. It is bound to rte_flow_async_action_handle_create():

flow queue {port_id} create {queue_id} [postpone {boolean}]
    table {table_id} item_template {item_template_id}
    action_template {action_template_id}
    pattern {item} [/ {item} [...]] / end
    actions {action} [/ {action} [...]] / end

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] creation queued

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

This command uses the same parameters as flow indirect_action create, described in Creating indirect actions.

flow queue pull must be called to retrieve the operation status.

4.13.30. Updating indirect actions

flow indirect_action {port_id} update updates configuration of the indirect action from its indirect action ID (as returned by flow indirect_action {port_id} create). It is bound to rte_flow_action_handle_update():

flow indirect_action {port_id} update {indirect_action_id}
   action {action} / end

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] updated

Otherwise, it will complain either that indirect action not found or that some error occurred:

Failed to find indirect action #[...] on port [...]
Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Update indirect rss action having id 100 on port 0 with rss to queues 0 and 3 (in create example above rss queues were 1 and 2):

testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 update 100 action rss queues 0 3 end / end

4.13.31. Enqueueing update of indirect actions

flow queue indirect_action update adds update operation for an indirect action to a queue. It is bound to rte_flow_async_action_handle_update():

flow queue {port_id} indirect_action {queue_id} update
   {indirect_action_id} [postpone {boolean}] action {action} / end

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] update queued

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

flow queue pull must be called to retrieve the operation status.

4.13.32. Destroying indirect actions

flow indirect_action {port_id} destroy destroys one or more indirect actions from their indirect action IDs (as returned by flow indirect_action {port_id} create). It is bound to rte_flow_action_handle_destroy():

flow indirect_action {port_id} destroy action_id {indirect_action_id} [...]

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] destroyed

It does not report anything for indirect action IDs that do not exist. The usual error message is shown when a indirect action cannot be destroyed:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Destroy indirect actions having id 100 & 101:

testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 destroy action_id 100 action_id 101

4.13.33. Enqueueing destruction of indirect actions

flow queue indirect_action destroy adds destruction operation to destroy one or more indirect actions from their indirect action IDs (as returned by flow queue {port_id} indirect_action {queue_id} create) to a queue. It is bound to rte_flow_async_action_handle_destroy():

flow queue {port_id} indirect_action {queue_id} destroy
   [postpone {boolean}] action_id {indirect_action_id} [...]

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] destruction queued

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

flow queue pull must be called to retrieve the operation status.

4.13.34. Query indirect actions

flow indirect_action {port_id} query queries the indirect action from its indirect action ID (as returned by flow indirect_action {port_id} create). It is bound to rte_flow_action_handle_query():

flow indirect_action {port_id} query {indirect_action_id}

Currently only rss indirect action supported. If successful, it will show:

Indirect RSS action:
   refs:[...]

Otherwise, it will complain either that indirect action not found or that some error occurred:

Failed to find indirect action #[...] on port [...]
Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

Query indirect action having id 100:

testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 query 100

4.13.35. Enqueueing query of indirect actions

flow queue indirect_action query adds query operation for an indirect action to a queue. It is bound to rte_flow_async_action_handle_query():

flow queue {port_id} indirect_action {queue_id} query
   {indirect_action_id} [postpone {boolean}]

If successful, it will show:

Indirect action #[...] query queued

Otherwise it will show an error message of the form:

Caught error type [...] ([...]): [...]

flow queue pull must be called to retrieve the operation status.

4.13.36. Sample QinQ flow rules

Before creating QinQ rule(s) the following commands should be issued to enable QinQ:

testpmd> port stop 0
testpmd> vlan set extend on 0

The above command sets the inner and outer TPID’s to 0x8100.

To change the TPID’s the following commands should be used:

testpmd> vlan set outer tpid 0x88A8 0
testpmd> vlan set inner tpid 0x8100 0
testpmd> port start 0

Validate and create a QinQ rule on port 0 to steer traffic to a VF queue in a VM.

testpmd> flow validate 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan tci is 123 /
    vlan tci is 456 / end actions vf id 1 / queue index 0 / end
Flow rule #0 validated

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan tci is 4 /
    vlan tci is 456 / end actions vf id 123 / queue index 0 / end
Flow rule #0 created

testpmd> flow list 0
ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
0       0       0       i-      ETH VLAN VLAN=>VF QUEUE

Validate and create a QinQ rule on port 0 to steer traffic to a queue on the host.

testpmd> flow validate 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan tci is 321 /
     vlan tci is 654 / end actions pf / queue index 0 / end
Flow rule #1 validated

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan tci is 321 /
     vlan tci is 654 / end actions pf / queue index 1 / end
Flow rule #1 created

testpmd> flow list 0
ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
0       0       0       i-      ETH VLAN VLAN=>VF QUEUE
1       0       0       i-      ETH VLAN VLAN=>PF QUEUE

4.13.37. Sample VXLAN flow rules

Before creating VXLAN rule(s), the UDP port should be added for VXLAN packet filter on a port:

testpmd> rx_vxlan_port add 4789 0

Create VXLAN rules on port 0 to steer traffic to PF queues.

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / vxlan /
       eth dst is 00:11:22:33:44:55 / end actions pf / queue index 1 / end
Flow rule #0 created

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / vxlan vni is 3 /
       eth dst is 00:11:22:33:44:55 / end actions pf / queue index 2 / end
Flow rule #1 created

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / vxlan /
       eth dst is 00:11:22:33:44:55 / vlan tci is 10 / end actions pf /
       queue index 3 / end
Flow rule #2 created

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / vxlan vni is 5 /
       eth dst is 00:11:22:33:44:55 / vlan tci is 20 / end actions pf /
       queue index 4 / end
Flow rule #3 created

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth dst is 00:00:00:00:01:00 / ipv4 /
       udp / vxlan vni is 6 /  eth dst is 00:11:22:33:44:55 / end actions pf /
       queue index 5 / end
Flow rule #4 created

testpmd> flow list 0
ID      Group   Prio    Attr    Rule
0       0       0       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP VXLAN ETH => QUEUE
1       0       0       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP VXLAN ETH => QUEUE
2       0       0       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP VXLAN ETH VLAN => QUEUE
3       0       0       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP VXLAN ETH VLAN => QUEUE
4       0       0       i-      ETH IPV4 UDP VXLAN ETH => QUEUE

4.13.38. Sample VXLAN encapsulation rule

VXLAN encapsulation outer layer has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

IPv4 VXLAN outer header:

testpmd> set vxlan ip-version ipv4 vni 4 udp-src 4 udp-dst 4 ip-src 127.0.0.1
       ip-dst 128.0.0.1 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions vxlan_encap /
       queue index 0 / end

testpmd> set vxlan-with-vlan ip-version ipv4 vni 4 udp-src 4 udp-dst 4 ip-src
        127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1 vlan-tci 34 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
        eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions vxlan_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

testpmd> set vxlan-tos-ttl ip-version ipv4 vni 4 udp-src 4 udp-dst 4 ip-tos 0
        ip-ttl 255 ip-src 127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
        eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions vxlan_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

IPv6 VXLAN outer header:

testpmd> set vxlan ip-version ipv6 vni 4 udp-src 4 udp-dst 4 ip-src ::1
       ip-dst ::2222 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions vxlan_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

testpmd> set vxlan-with-vlan ip-version ipv6 vni 4 udp-src 4 udp-dst 4
        ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222 vlan-tci 34 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
        eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions vxlan_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

testpmd> set vxlan-tos-ttl ip-version ipv6 vni 4 udp-src 4 udp-dst 4
        ip-tos 0 ip-ttl 255 ::1 ip-dst ::2222 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
        eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions vxlan_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

4.13.39. Sample NVGRE encapsulation rule

NVGRE encapsulation outer layer has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

IPv4 NVGRE outer header:

testpmd> set nvgre ip-version ipv4 tni 4 ip-src 127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions nvgre_encap /
       queue index 0 / end

testpmd> set nvgre-with-vlan ip-version ipv4 tni 4 ip-src 127.0.0.1
        ip-dst 128.0.0.1 vlan-tci 34 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
        eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions nvgre_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

IPv6 NVGRE outer header:

testpmd> set nvgre ip-version ipv6 tni 4 ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions nvgre_encap /
       queue index 0 / end

testpmd> set nvgre-with-vlan ip-version ipv6 tni 4 ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222
       vlan-tci 34 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern end actions nvgre_encap /
       queue index 0 / end

4.13.40. Sample L2 encapsulation rule

L2 encapsulation has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

L2 header:

testpmd> set l2_encap ip-version ipv4
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / mpls / end actions
       mplsoudp_decap / l2_encap / end

L2 with VXLAN header:

testpmd> set l2_encap-with-vlan ip-version ipv4 vlan-tci 34
        eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / mpls / end actions
       mplsoudp_decap / l2_encap / end

4.13.41. Sample L2 decapsulation rule

L2 decapsulation has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

L2 header:

testpmd> set l2_decap
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap / mplsoudp_encap /
       queue index 0 / end

L2 with VXLAN header:

testpmd> set l2_encap-with-vlan
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_encap / mplsoudp_encap /
        queue index 0 / end

4.13.42. Sample MPLSoGRE encapsulation rule

MPLSoGRE encapsulation outer layer has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

IPv4 MPLSoGRE outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_encap ip-version ipv4 label 4
       ip-src 127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
       eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsogre_encap / end

IPv4 MPLSoGRE with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_encap-with-vlan ip-version ipv4 label 4
       ip-src 127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1 vlan-tci 34
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsogre_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoGRE outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_encap ip-version ipv6 mask 4
       ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
       eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsogre_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoGRE with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_encap-with-vlan ip-version ipv6 mask 4
       ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222 vlan-tci 34
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsogre_encap / end

4.13.43. Sample MPLSoGRE decapsulation rule

MPLSoGRE decapsulation outer layer has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

IPv4 MPLSoGRE outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_decap ip-version ipv4
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / gre / mpls / end actions
       mplsogre_decap / l2_encap / end

IPv4 MPLSoGRE with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_decap-with-vlan ip-version ipv4
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan / ipv4 / gre / mpls / end
       actions mplsogre_decap / l2_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoGRE outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_decap ip-version ipv6
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / gre / mpls / end
       actions mplsogre_decap / l2_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoGRE with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsogre_decap-with-vlan ip-version ipv6
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan / ipv6 / gre / mpls / end
       actions mplsogre_decap / l2_encap / end

4.13.44. Sample MPLSoUDP encapsulation rule

MPLSoUDP encapsulation outer layer has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

IPv4 MPLSoUDP outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_encap ip-version ipv4 label 4 udp-src 5 udp-dst 10
       ip-src 127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
       eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsoudp_encap / end

IPv4 MPLSoUDP with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_encap-with-vlan ip-version ipv4 label 4 udp-src 5
       udp-dst 10 ip-src 127.0.0.1 ip-dst 128.0.0.1 vlan-tci 34
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsoudp_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoUDP outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_encap ip-version ipv6 mask 4 udp-src 5 udp-dst 10
       ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11
       eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsoudp_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoUDP with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_encap-with-vlan ip-version ipv6 mask 4 udp-src 5
       udp-dst 10 ip-src ::1 ip-dst ::2222 vlan-tci 34
       eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / end actions l2_decap /
       mplsoudp_encap / end

4.13.45. Sample MPLSoUDP decapsulation rule

MPLSoUDP decapsulation outer layer has default value pre-configured in testpmd source code, those can be changed by using the following commands

IPv4 MPLSoUDP outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_decap ip-version ipv4
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / mpls / end actions
       mplsoudp_decap / l2_encap / end

IPv4 MPLSoUDP with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_decap-with-vlan ip-version ipv4
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan / ipv4 / udp / mpls / end
       actions mplsoudp_decap / l2_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoUDP outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_decap ip-version ipv6
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / udp / mpls / end
       actions mplsoudp_decap / l2_encap / end

IPv6 MPLSoUDP with VLAN outer header:

testpmd> set mplsoudp_decap-with-vlan ip-version ipv6
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / vlan / ipv6 / udp / mpls / end
       actions mplsoudp_decap / l2_encap / end

4.13.46. Sample Raw encapsulation rule

Raw encapsulation configuration can be set by the following commands

Encapsulating VxLAN:

testpmd> set raw_encap 4 eth src is 10:11:22:33:44:55 / vlan tci is 1
       inner_type is 0x0800 / ipv4 / udp dst is 4789 / vxlan vni
       is 2 / end_set
testpmd> flow create 0 egress pattern eth / ipv4 / end actions
       raw_encap index 4 / end

4.13.47. Sample Raw decapsulation rule

Raw decapsulation configuration can be set by the following commands

Decapsulating VxLAN:

testpmd> set raw_decap eth / ipv4 / udp / vxlan / end_set
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / vxlan / eth / ipv4 /
       end actions raw_decap / queue index 0 / end

4.13.48. Sample ESP rules

ESP rules can be created by the following commands:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / esp spi is 1 / end actions
       queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / esp spi is 1 / end
       actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / esp spi is 1 / end actions
       queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / udp / esp spi is 1 / end
       actions queue index 3 / end

4.13.49. Sample AH rules

AH rules can be created by the following commands:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / ah spi is 1 / end actions
       queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / ah spi is 1 / end
       actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / ah spi is 1 / end actions
       queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / udp / ah spi is 1 / end
       actions queue index 3 / end

4.13.50. Sample PFCP rules

PFCP rules can be created by the following commands(s_field need to be 1 if seid is set):

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / pfcp s_field is 0 / end
       actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / pfcp s_field is 1
       seid is 1 / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / pfcp s_field is 0 / end
       actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / pfcp s_field is 1
       seid is 1 / end actions queue index 3 / end

4.13.51. Sample Sampling/Mirroring rules

Sample/Mirroring rules can be set by the following commands

NIC-RX Sampling rule, the matched ingress packets and sent to the queue 1, and 50% packets are duplicated and marked with 0x1234 and sent to queue 0.

testpmd> set sample_actions 0 mark id  0x1234 / queue index 0 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress group 1 pattern eth / end actions
       sample ratio 2 index 0 / queue index 1 / end

Match packets coming from a VM which is referred to by means of its representor ethdev (port 1), mirror 50% of them to the said representor (for bookkeeping) as well as encapsulate all the packets and steer them to the physical port:

testpmd> set sample_actions 0 port_representor ethdev_port_id 1 / end

testpmd> set vxlan ip-version ipv4 vni 4 udp-src 32 udp-dst 4789 ip-src 127.0.0.1
   ip-dst 127.0.0.2 eth-src 11:11:11:11:11:11 eth-dst 22:22:22:22:22:22

testpmd> flow create 0 transfer pattern represented_port ethdev_port_id is 1 / end
   actions sample ratio 2 index 0 / vxlan_encap /
   represented_port ethdev_port_id 0 / end

The rule is inserted via port 0 (assumed to have “transfer” privilege).

4.13.52. Sample integrity rules

Integrity rules can be created by the following commands:

Integrity rule that forwards valid TCP packets to group 1. TCP packet integrity is matched with the l4_ok bit 3.

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress
           pattern eth / ipv4 / tcp / integrity value mask 8 value spec 8 / end
           actions jump group 1 / end

Integrity rule that forwards invalid packets to application. General packet integrity is matched with the packet_ok bit 0.

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern integrity value mask 1 value spec 0 / end actions queue index 0 / end

4.13.53. Sample conntrack rules

Conntrack rules can be set by the following commands

Need to construct the connection context with provided information. In the first table, create a flow rule by using conntrack action and jump to the next table. In the next table, create a rule to check the state.

testpmd> set conntrack com peer 1 is_orig 1 enable 1 live 1 sack 1 cack 0
       last_dir 0 liberal 0 state 1 max_ack_win 7 r_lim 5 last_win 510
       last_seq 2632987379 last_ack 2532480967 last_end 2632987379
       last_index 0x8
testpmd> set conntrack orig scale 7 fin 0 acked 1 unack_data 0
       sent_end 2632987379 reply_end 2633016339 max_win 28960
       max_ack 2632987379
testpmd> set conntrack rply scale 7 fin 0 acked 1 unack_data 0
       sent_end 2532480967 reply_end 2532546247 max_win 65280
       max_ack 2532480967
testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 create ingress action conntrack / end
testpmd> flow create 0 group 3 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / tcp / end actions indirect 0 / jump group 5 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 group 5 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / tcp / conntrack is 1 / end actions queue index 5 / end

Construct the conntrack again with only “is_orig” set to 0 (other fields are ignored), then use “update” interface to update the direction. Create flow rules like above for the peer port.

testpmd> flow indirect_action 0 update 0 action conntrack_update dir / end

4.13.54. Sample meter with policy rules

Meter with policy rules can be created by the following commands:

Need to create policy first and actions are set for green/yellow/red colors. Create meter with policy id. Create flow with meter id.

Example for policy with meter color action. The purpose is to color the packet to reflect the meter color result. The meter policy action list: green -> green, yellow -> yellow, red -> red.

testpmd> add port meter profile srtcm_rfc2697 0 13 21504 2688 0 0
testpmd> add port meter policy 0 1 g_actions color type green / end y_actions color type yellow / end
         r_actions color type red / end
testpmd> create port meter 0 1 13 1 yes 0xffff 0 0
testpmd> flow create 0 priority 0 ingress group 1 pattern eth / end actions meter mtr_id 1 / end

4.13.55. Sample L2TPv2 RSS rules

L2TPv2 RSS rules can be created by the following commands:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 type control
         / end actions rss types l2tpv2 end queues end / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / end
         actions rss types eth l2-src-only end queues end / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / end
         actions rss types l2tpv2 end queues end / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv4
         / end actions rss types ipv4 end queues end / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv6
         / udp / end actions rss types ipv6-udp end queues end / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv4
         / tcp / end actions rss types ipv4-tcp end queues end / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv6
         / end actions rss types ipv6 end queues end / end

4.13.56. Sample L2TPv2 FDIR rules

L2TPv2 FDIR rules can be created by the following commands:

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 type control
         session_id is 0x1111 / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth src is 00:00:00:00:00:01 / ipv4
         / udp / l2tpv2 type data / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 type data
         session_id is 0x1111 / ppp / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv4
         src is 10.0.0.1 / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv6 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv6
         dst is ABAB:910B:6666:3457:8295:3333:1800:2929 / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv4
         / udp src is 22 / end actions queue index 3 / end
testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / l2tpv2 / ppp / ipv4
         / tcp dst is 23 / end actions queue index 3 / end

4.13.57. Sample RAW rule

A RAW rule can be created as following using pattern_hex key and mask.

testpmd> flow create 0 group 0 priority 1 ingress pattern raw relative is 0 search is 0 offset
         is 0 limit is 0 pattern_hex spec 00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000a0a0a0a
         pattern_hex mask 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000ffffffff / end actions
         queue index 4 / end

4.13.58. Sample match with comparison rule

Match with comparison rule can be created as following using compare.

testpmd> flow pattern_template 0 create ingress pattern_template_id 1 template compare op mask le
         a_type mask tag a_tag_index mask 1 b_type mask tag b_tag_index mask 2 width mask 0xffffffff / end
testpmd> flow actions_template 0 create ingress actions_template_id 1 template count / drop / end
         mask count / drop  / end
testpmd> flow template_table 0 create table_id 1 group 2 priority 1  ingress rules_number 1
         pattern_template 1 actions_template 1
testpmd> flow queue 0 create 0 template_table 1 pattern_template 0 actions_template 0 postpone no
         pattern compare op is le a_type is tag a_tag_index is 1 b_type is tag b_tag_index is 2 width is 32 / end
         actions count / drop / end

4.14. BPF Functions

The following sections show functions to load/unload eBPF based filters.

4.14.1. bpf-load

Load an eBPF program as a callback for particular RX/TX queue:

testpmd> bpf-load rx|tx (portid) (queueid) (load-flags) (bpf-prog-filename)

The available load-flags are:

  • J: use JIT generated native code, otherwise BPF interpreter will be used.
  • M: assume input parameter is a pointer to rte_mbuf, otherwise assume it is a pointer to first segment’s data.
  • -: none.

Note

You’ll need clang v3.7 or above to build bpf program you’d like to load

For example:

cd examples/bpf
clang -O2 -target bpf -c t1.c

Then to load (and JIT compile) t1.o at RX queue 0, port 1:

testpmd> bpf-load rx 1 0 J ./dpdk.org/examples/bpf/t1.o

To load (not JITed) t1.o at TX queue 0, port 0:

testpmd> bpf-load tx 0 0 - ./dpdk.org/examples/bpf/t1.o

4.14.2. bpf-unload

Unload previously loaded eBPF program for particular RX/TX queue:

testpmd> bpf-unload rx|tx (portid) (queueid)

For example to unload BPF filter from TX queue 0, port 0:

testpmd> bpf-unload tx 0 0

4.15. Flex Item Functions

The following sections show functions that configure and create flex item object, create flex pattern and use it in a flow rule. The commands will use 20 bytes IPv4 header for examples:

0                   1                   2                   3
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|  ver  |  IHL  |     TOS       |        length                 | +0
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|       identification          | flg |    frag. offset         | +4
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|       TTL     |  protocol     |        checksum               | +8
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|               source IP address                               | +12
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|              destination IP address                           | +16
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

4.15.1. Create flex item

Flex item object is created by PMD according to a new header configuration. The header configuration is compiled by the testpmd and stored in rte_flow_item_flex_conf type variable.

# flow flex_item create <port> <flex id> <configuration file>
testpmd> flow flex_item init 0 3 ipv4_flex_config.json
port-0: created flex item #3

Flex item configuration is kept in external JSON file. It describes the following header elements:

New header length.

Specify whether the new header has fixed or variable length and the basic/minimal header length value.

If header length is not fixed, header location with a value that completes header length calculation and scale/offset function must be added.

Scale function depends on port hardware.

Next protocol.

Describes location in the new header that specify following network header type.

Flow match samples.

Describes locations in the new header that will be used in flow rules.

Number of flow samples and sample maximal length depend of port hardware.

Input trigger.

Describes preceding network header configuration.

Output trigger.

Describes conditions that trigger transfer to following network header

{
   "next_header": { "field_mode": "FIELD_MODE_FIXED", "field_size": 20},
   "next_protocol": {"field_size": 8, "field_base": 72},
   "sample_data": [
      { "field_mode": "FIELD_MODE_FIXED", "field_size": 32, "field_base": 0},
      { "field_mode": "FIELD_MODE_FIXED", "field_size": 32, "field_base": 32},
      { "field_mode": "FIELD_MODE_FIXED", "field_size": 32, "field_base": 64},
      { "field_mode": "FIELD_MODE_FIXED", "field_size": 32, "field_base": 96}
   ],
   "input_link": [
      {"item": "eth type is 0x0800"},
      {"item": "vlan inner_type is 0x0800"}
   ],
   "output_link": [
      {"item": "udp", "next": 17},
      {"item": "tcp", "next": 6},
      {"item": "icmp", "next": 1}
   ]
}

4.15.2. Flex pattern and flow rules

Flex pattern describe parts of network header that will trigger flex flow item hit in a flow rule. Flex pattern directly related to flex item samples configuration. Flex pattern can be shared between ports.

Flex pattern and flow rule to match IPv4 version and 20 bytes length

# set flex_pattern <pattern_id> is <hex bytes sequence>
testpmd> flow flex_item pattern 5 is 45FF
created pattern #5

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / flex item is 3 pattern is 5 / end actions mark id 1 / queue index 0 / end
Flow rule #0 created

Flex pattern and flow rule to match packets with source address 1.2.3.4

testpmd> flow flex_item pattern 2 spec 45000000000000000000000001020304 mask FF0000000000000000000000FFFFFFFF
created pattern #2

testpmd> flow create 0 ingress pattern eth / ipv4 / udp / flex item is 3 pattern is 2 / end actions mark id 1 / queue index 0 / end
Flow rule #0 created