DPDK  20.11.3
Data Structures | Macros | Typedefs | Enumerations | Functions
rte_memory.h File Reference
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <rte_common.h>
#include <rte_compat.h>
#include <rte_config.h>
#include <rte_fbarray.h>

Go to the source code of this file.

Data Structures

struct  rte_memseg_list
 

Macros

#define SOCKET_ID_ANY   -1
 
#define RTE_MEMSEG_FLAG_DO_NOT_FREE   (1 << 0)
 
#define RTE_MEM_EVENT_CALLBACK_NAME_LEN   64
 
#define RTE_MEM_ALLOC_VALIDATOR_NAME_LEN   64
 

Typedefs

typedef int(* rte_memseg_walk_t) (const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, const struct rte_memseg *ms, void *arg)
 
typedef int(* rte_memseg_contig_walk_t) (const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, const struct rte_memseg *ms, size_t len, void *arg)
 
typedef int(* rte_memseg_list_walk_t) (const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, void *arg)
 
typedef void(* rte_mem_event_callback_t) (enum rte_mem_event event_type, const void *addr, size_t len, void *arg)
 
typedef int(* rte_mem_alloc_validator_t) (int socket_id, size_t cur_limit, size_t new_len)
 

Enumerations

enum  rte_mem_event { RTE_MEM_EVENT_ALLOC = 0, RTE_MEM_EVENT_FREE }
 

Functions

int rte_mem_lock_page (const void *virt)
 
phys_addr_t rte_mem_virt2phy (const void *virt)
 
rte_iova_t rte_mem_virt2iova (const void *virt)
 
__rte_experimental void * rte_mem_iova2virt (rte_iova_t iova)
 
__rte_experimental struct rte_memseg * rte_mem_virt2memseg (const void *virt, const struct rte_memseg_list *msl)
 
__rte_experimental struct rte_memseg_listrte_mem_virt2memseg_list (const void *virt)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_walk (rte_memseg_walk_t func, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_contig_walk (rte_memseg_contig_walk_t func, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_list_walk (rte_memseg_list_walk_t func, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_walk_thread_unsafe (rte_memseg_walk_t func, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_contig_walk_thread_unsafe (rte_memseg_contig_walk_t func, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_list_walk_thread_unsafe (rte_memseg_list_walk_t func, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd (const struct rte_memseg *ms)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd_thread_unsafe (const struct rte_memseg *ms)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd_offset (const struct rte_memseg *ms, size_t *offset)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd_offset_thread_unsafe (const struct rte_memseg *ms, size_t *offset)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_register (void *va_addr, size_t len, rte_iova_t iova_addrs[], unsigned int n_pages, size_t page_sz)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_unregister (void *va_addr, size_t len)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_attach (void *va_addr, size_t len)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_detach (void *va_addr, size_t len)
 
void rte_dump_physmem_layout (FILE *f)
 
uint64_t rte_eal_get_physmem_size (void)
 
unsigned rte_memory_get_nchannel (void)
 
unsigned rte_memory_get_nrank (void)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_mem_check_dma_mask (uint8_t maskbits)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_mem_check_dma_mask_thread_unsafe (uint8_t maskbits)
 
__rte_experimental void rte_mem_set_dma_mask (uint8_t maskbits)
 
int rte_eal_using_phys_addrs (void)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_mem_event_callback_register (const char *name, rte_mem_event_callback_t clb, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_mem_event_callback_unregister (const char *name, void *arg)
 
__rte_experimental int rte_mem_alloc_validator_register (const char *name, rte_mem_alloc_validator_t clb, int socket_id, size_t limit)
 Register validator callback for memory allocations. More...
 
__rte_experimental int rte_mem_alloc_validator_unregister (const char *name, int socket_id)
 Unregister validator callback for memory allocations. More...
 

Detailed Description

Memory-related RTE API.

Definition in file rte_memory.h.

Macro Definition Documentation

◆ SOCKET_ID_ANY

#define SOCKET_ID_ANY   -1

◆ RTE_MEMSEG_FLAG_DO_NOT_FREE

#define RTE_MEMSEG_FLAG_DO_NOT_FREE   (1 << 0)

Physical memory segment descriptor.Prevent this segment from being freed back to the OS.

Definition at line 43 of file rte_memory.h.

◆ RTE_MEM_EVENT_CALLBACK_NAME_LEN

#define RTE_MEM_EVENT_CALLBACK_NAME_LEN   64

maximum length of callback name

Definition at line 647 of file rte_memory.h.

◆ RTE_MEM_ALLOC_VALIDATOR_NAME_LEN

#define RTE_MEM_ALLOC_VALIDATOR_NAME_LEN   64

maximum length of alloc validator name

Definition at line 705 of file rte_memory.h.

Typedef Documentation

◆ rte_memseg_walk_t

typedef int(* rte_memseg_walk_t) (const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, const struct rte_memseg *ms, void *arg)

Memseg walk function prototype.

Returning 0 will continue walk Returning 1 will stop the walk Returning -1 will stop the walk and report error

Definition at line 168 of file rte_memory.h.

◆ rte_memseg_contig_walk_t

typedef int(* rte_memseg_contig_walk_t) (const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, const struct rte_memseg *ms, size_t len, void *arg)

Memseg contig walk function prototype. This will trigger a callback on every VA-contiguous area starting at memseg ms, so total valid VA space at each callback call will be [ms->addr, ms->addr + len).

Returning 0 will continue walk Returning 1 will stop the walk Returning -1 will stop the walk and report error

Definition at line 180 of file rte_memory.h.

◆ rte_memseg_list_walk_t

typedef int(* rte_memseg_list_walk_t) (const struct rte_memseg_list *msl, void *arg)

Memseg list walk function prototype. This will trigger a callback on every allocated memseg list.

Returning 0 will continue walk Returning 1 will stop the walk Returning -1 will stop the walk and report error

Definition at line 191 of file rte_memory.h.

◆ rte_mem_event_callback_t

typedef void(* rte_mem_event_callback_t) (enum rte_mem_event event_type, const void *addr, size_t len, void *arg)

Function typedef used to register callbacks for memory events.

Definition at line 653 of file rte_memory.h.

◆ rte_mem_alloc_validator_t

typedef int(* rte_mem_alloc_validator_t) (int socket_id, size_t cur_limit, size_t new_len)

Function typedef used to register memory allocation validation callbacks.

Returning 0 will allow allocation attempt to continue. Returning -1 will prevent allocation from succeeding.

Definition at line 713 of file rte_memory.h.

Enumeration Type Documentation

◆ rte_mem_event

Enum indicating which kind of memory event has happened. Used by callbacks to distinguish between memory allocations and deallocations.

Enumerator
RTE_MEM_EVENT_ALLOC 

Allocation event.

RTE_MEM_EVENT_FREE 

Deallocation event.

Definition at line 643 of file rte_memory.h.

Function Documentation

◆ rte_mem_lock_page()

int rte_mem_lock_page ( const void *  virt)

Lock page in physical memory and prevent from swapping.

Parameters
virtThe virtual address.
Returns
0 on success, negative on error.

◆ rte_mem_virt2phy()

phys_addr_t rte_mem_virt2phy ( const void *  virt)

Get physical address of any mapped virtual address in the current process. It is found by browsing the /proc/self/pagemap special file. The page must be locked.

Parameters
virtThe virtual address.
Returns
The physical address or RTE_BAD_IOVA on error.

◆ rte_mem_virt2iova()

rte_iova_t rte_mem_virt2iova ( const void *  virt)

Get IO virtual address of any mapped virtual address in the current process.

Note
This function will not check internal page table. Instead, in IOVA as PA mode, it will fall back to getting real physical address (which may not match the expected IOVA, such as what was specified for external memory).
Parameters
virtThe virtual address.
Returns
The IO address or RTE_BAD_IOVA on error.

◆ rte_mem_iova2virt()

__rte_experimental void* rte_mem_iova2virt ( rte_iova_t  iova)

Get virtual memory address corresponding to iova address.

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
iovaThe iova address.
Returns
Virtual address corresponding to iova address (or NULL if address does not exist within DPDK memory map).

◆ rte_mem_virt2memseg()

__rte_experimental struct rte_memseg* rte_mem_virt2memseg ( const void *  virt,
const struct rte_memseg_list msl 
)

Get memseg to which a particular virtual address belongs.

Parameters
virtThe virtual address.
mslThe memseg list in which to look up based on virt address (can be NULL).
Returns
Memseg pointer on success, or NULL on error.

◆ rte_mem_virt2memseg_list()

__rte_experimental struct rte_memseg_list* rte_mem_virt2memseg_list ( const void *  virt)

Get memseg list corresponding to virtual memory address.

Parameters
virtThe virtual address.
Returns
Memseg list to which this virtual address belongs to.

◆ rte_memseg_walk()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_walk ( rte_memseg_walk_t  func,
void *  arg 
)

Walk list of all memsegs.

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
This function will also walk through externally allocated segments. It is up to the user to decide whether to skip through these segments.
Parameters
funcIterator function
argArgument passed to iterator
Returns
0 if walked over the entire list 1 if stopped by the user -1 if user function reported error

◆ rte_memseg_contig_walk()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_contig_walk ( rte_memseg_contig_walk_t  func,
void *  arg 
)

Walk each VA-contiguous area.

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
This function will also walk through externally allocated segments. It is up to the user to decide whether to skip through these segments.
Parameters
funcIterator function
argArgument passed to iterator
Returns
0 if walked over the entire list 1 if stopped by the user -1 if user function reported error

◆ rte_memseg_list_walk()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_list_walk ( rte_memseg_list_walk_t  func,
void *  arg 
)

Walk each allocated memseg list.

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
This function will also walk through externally allocated segments. It is up to the user to decide whether to skip through these segments.
Parameters
funcIterator function
argArgument passed to iterator
Returns
0 if walked over the entire list 1 if stopped by the user -1 if user function reported error

◆ rte_memseg_walk_thread_unsafe()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_walk_thread_unsafe ( rte_memseg_walk_t  func,
void *  arg 
)

Walk list of all memsegs without performing any locking.

Note
This function does not perform any locking, and is only safe to call from within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
funcIterator function
argArgument passed to iterator
Returns
0 if walked over the entire list 1 if stopped by the user -1 if user function reported error

◆ rte_memseg_contig_walk_thread_unsafe()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_contig_walk_thread_unsafe ( rte_memseg_contig_walk_t  func,
void *  arg 
)

Walk each VA-contiguous area without performing any locking.

Note
This function does not perform any locking, and is only safe to call from within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
funcIterator function
argArgument passed to iterator
Returns
0 if walked over the entire list 1 if stopped by the user -1 if user function reported error

◆ rte_memseg_list_walk_thread_unsafe()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_list_walk_thread_unsafe ( rte_memseg_list_walk_t  func,
void *  arg 
)

Walk each allocated memseg list without performing any locking.

Note
This function does not perform any locking, and is only safe to call from within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
funcIterator function
argArgument passed to iterator
Returns
0 if walked over the entire list 1 if stopped by the user -1 if user function reported error

◆ rte_memseg_get_fd()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd ( const struct rte_memseg *  ms)

Return file descriptor associated with a particular memseg (if available).

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
This returns an internal file descriptor. Performing any operations on this file descriptor is inherently dangerous, so it should be treated as read-only for all intents and purposes.
Parameters
msA pointer to memseg for which to get file descriptor.
Returns
Valid file descriptor in case of success. -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to the following values:
  • EINVAL - ms pointer was NULL or did not point to a valid memseg
  • ENODEV - ms fd is not available
  • ENOENT - ms is an unused segment
  • ENOTSUP - segment fd's are not supported

◆ rte_memseg_get_fd_thread_unsafe()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd_thread_unsafe ( const struct rte_memseg *  ms)

Return file descriptor associated with a particular memseg (if available).

Note
This function does not perform any locking, and is only safe to call from within memory-related callback functions.
This returns an internal file descriptor. Performing any operations on this file descriptor is inherently dangerous, so it should be treated as read-only for all intents and purposes.
Parameters
msA pointer to memseg for which to get file descriptor.
Returns
Valid file descriptor in case of success. -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to the following values:
  • EINVAL - ms pointer was NULL or did not point to a valid memseg
  • ENODEV - ms fd is not available
  • ENOENT - ms is an unused segment
  • ENOTSUP - segment fd's are not supported

◆ rte_memseg_get_fd_offset()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd_offset ( const struct rte_memseg *  ms,
size_t *  offset 
)

Get offset into segment file descriptor associated with a particular memseg (if available).

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
msA pointer to memseg for which to get file descriptor.
offsetA pointer to offset value where the result will be stored.
Returns
Valid file descriptor in case of success. -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to the following values:
  • EINVAL - ms pointer was NULL or did not point to a valid memseg
  • EINVAL - offset pointer was NULL
  • ENODEV - ms fd is not available
  • ENOENT - ms is an unused segment
  • ENOTSUP - segment fd's are not supported

◆ rte_memseg_get_fd_offset_thread_unsafe()

__rte_experimental int rte_memseg_get_fd_offset_thread_unsafe ( const struct rte_memseg *  ms,
size_t *  offset 
)

Get offset into segment file descriptor associated with a particular memseg (if available).

Note
This function does not perform any locking, and is only safe to call from within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
msA pointer to memseg for which to get file descriptor.
offsetA pointer to offset value where the result will be stored.
Returns
Valid file descriptor in case of success. -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to the following values:
  • EINVAL - ms pointer was NULL or did not point to a valid memseg
  • EINVAL - offset pointer was NULL
  • ENODEV - ms fd is not available
  • ENOENT - ms is an unused segment
  • ENOTSUP - segment fd's are not supported

◆ rte_extmem_register()

__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_register ( void *  va_addr,
size_t  len,
rte_iova_t  iova_addrs[],
unsigned int  n_pages,
size_t  page_sz 
)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Register external memory chunk with DPDK.

Note
Using this API is mutually exclusive with rte_malloc family of API's.
This API will not perform any DMA mapping. It is expected that user will do that themselves.
Before accessing this memory in other processes, it needs to be attached in each of those processes by calling rte_extmem_attach in each other process.
Parameters
va_addrStart of virtual area to register. Must be aligned by page_sz.
lenLength of virtual area to register. Must be aligned by page_sz.
iova_addrsArray of page IOVA addresses corresponding to each page in this memory area. Can be NULL, in which case page IOVA addresses will be set to RTE_BAD_IOVA.
n_pagesNumber of elements in the iova_addrs array. Ignored if iova_addrs is NULL.
page_szPage size of the underlying memory
Returns
  • 0 on success
  • -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to one of the following: EINVAL - one of the parameters was invalid EEXIST - memory chunk is already registered ENOSPC - no more space in internal config to store a new memory chunk

◆ rte_extmem_unregister()

__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_unregister ( void *  va_addr,
size_t  len 
)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Unregister external memory chunk with DPDK.

Note
Using this API is mutually exclusive with rte_malloc family of API's.
This API will not perform any DMA unmapping. It is expected that user will do that themselves.
Before calling this function, all other processes must call rte_extmem_detach to detach from the memory area.
Parameters
va_addrStart of virtual area to unregister
lenLength of virtual area to unregister
Returns
  • 0 on success
  • -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to one of the following: EINVAL - one of the parameters was invalid ENOENT - memory chunk was not found

◆ rte_extmem_attach()

__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_attach ( void *  va_addr,
size_t  len 
)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Attach to external memory chunk registered in another process.

Note
Using this API is mutually exclusive with rte_malloc family of API's.
This API will not perform any DMA mapping. It is expected that user will do that themselves.
Parameters
va_addrStart of virtual area to register
lenLength of virtual area to register
Returns
  • 0 on success
  • -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to one of the following: EINVAL - one of the parameters was invalid ENOENT - memory chunk was not found

◆ rte_extmem_detach()

__rte_experimental int rte_extmem_detach ( void *  va_addr,
size_t  len 
)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Detach from external memory chunk registered in another process.

Note
Using this API is mutually exclusive with rte_malloc family of API's.
This API will not perform any DMA unmapping. It is expected that user will do that themselves.
Parameters
va_addrStart of virtual area to unregister
lenLength of virtual area to unregister
Returns
  • 0 on success
  • -1 in case of error, with rte_errno set to one of the following: EINVAL - one of the parameters was invalid ENOENT - memory chunk was not found

◆ rte_dump_physmem_layout()

void rte_dump_physmem_layout ( FILE *  f)

Dump the physical memory layout to a file.

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
Parameters
fA pointer to a file for output

◆ rte_eal_get_physmem_size()

uint64_t rte_eal_get_physmem_size ( void  )

Get the total amount of available physical memory.

Note
This function read-locks the memory hotplug subsystem, and thus cannot be used within memory-related callback functions.
Returns
The total amount of available physical memory in bytes.

◆ rte_memory_get_nchannel()

unsigned rte_memory_get_nchannel ( void  )

Get the number of memory channels.

Returns
The number of memory channels on the system. The value is 0 if unknown or not the same on all devices.

◆ rte_memory_get_nrank()

unsigned rte_memory_get_nrank ( void  )

Get the number of memory ranks.

Returns
The number of memory ranks on the system. The value is 0 if unknown or not the same on all devices.

◆ rte_mem_check_dma_mask()

__rte_experimental int rte_mem_check_dma_mask ( uint8_t  maskbits)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Check if all currently allocated memory segments are compliant with supplied DMA address width.

Parameters
maskbitsAddress width to check against.

◆ rte_mem_check_dma_mask_thread_unsafe()

__rte_experimental int rte_mem_check_dma_mask_thread_unsafe ( uint8_t  maskbits)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Check if all currently allocated memory segments are compliant with supplied DMA address width. This function will use rte_memseg_walk_thread_unsafe instead of rte_memseg_walk implying memory_hotplug_lock will not be acquired avoiding deadlock during memory initialization.

This function is just for EAL core memory internal use. Drivers should use the previous rte_mem_check_dma_mask.

Parameters
maskbitsAddress width to check against.

◆ rte_mem_set_dma_mask()

__rte_experimental void rte_mem_set_dma_mask ( uint8_t  maskbits)
Warning
EXPERIMENTAL: this API may change without prior notice

Set dma mask to use once memory initialization is done. Previous functions rte_mem_check_dma_mask and rte_mem_check_dma_mask_thread_unsafe can not be used safely until memory has been initialized.

◆ rte_eal_using_phys_addrs()

int rte_eal_using_phys_addrs ( void  )

Drivers based on uio will not load unless physical addresses are obtainable. It is only possible to get physical addresses when running as a privileged user.

Returns
1 if the system is able to obtain physical addresses. 0 if using DMA addresses through an IOMMU.

◆ rte_mem_event_callback_register()

__rte_experimental int rte_mem_event_callback_register ( const char *  name,
rte_mem_event_callback_t  clb,
void *  arg 
)

Function used to register callbacks for memory events.

Note
callbacks will happen while memory hotplug subsystem is write-locked, therefore some functions (e.g. rte_memseg_walk()) will cause a deadlock when called from within such callbacks.
mem event callbacks not being supported is an expected error condition, so user code needs to handle this situation. In these cases, return value will be -1, and rte_errno will be set to ENOTSUP.
Parameters
nameName associated with specified callback to be added to the list.
clbCallback function pointer.
argArgument to pass to the callback.
Returns
0 on successful callback register -1 on unsuccessful callback register, with rte_errno value indicating reason for failure.

◆ rte_mem_event_callback_unregister()

__rte_experimental int rte_mem_event_callback_unregister ( const char *  name,
void *  arg 
)

Function used to unregister callbacks for memory events.

Parameters
nameName associated with specified callback to be removed from the list.
argArgument to look for among callbacks with specified callback name.
Returns
0 on successful callback unregister -1 on unsuccessful callback unregister, with rte_errno value indicating reason for failure.

◆ rte_mem_alloc_validator_register()

__rte_experimental int rte_mem_alloc_validator_register ( const char *  name,
rte_mem_alloc_validator_t  clb,
int  socket_id,
size_t  limit 
)

Register validator callback for memory allocations.

Callbacks registered by this function will be called right before memory allocator is about to trigger allocation of more pages from the system if said allocation will bring total memory usage above specified limit on specified socket. User will be able to cancel pending allocation if callback returns -1.

Note
callbacks will happen while memory hotplug subsystem is write-locked, therefore some functions (e.g. rte_memseg_walk()) will cause a deadlock when called from within such callbacks.
validator callbacks not being supported is an expected error condition, so user code needs to handle this situation. In these cases, return value will be -1, and rte_errno will be set to ENOTSUP.
Parameters
nameName associated with specified callback to be added to the list.
clbCallback function pointer.
socket_idSocket ID on which to watch for allocations.
limitLimit above which to trigger callbacks.
Returns
0 on successful callback register -1 on unsuccessful callback register, with rte_errno value indicating reason for failure.

◆ rte_mem_alloc_validator_unregister()

__rte_experimental int rte_mem_alloc_validator_unregister ( const char *  name,
int  socket_id 
)

Unregister validator callback for memory allocations.

Parameters
nameName associated with specified callback to be removed from the list.
socket_idSocket ID on which to watch for allocations.
Returns
0 on successful callback unregister -1 on unsuccessful callback unregister, with rte_errno value indicating reason for failure.