133. SRIOV and InterVM Communication Tests

Some applications such as pipelining of virtual appliances and traffic mirroring to virtual appliances require the high performance InterVM communications.

The testpmd application is used to configure traffic mirroring, PF VM receive mode, PFUTA hash table and control traffic to a VF for inter-VM communication.

The Niantic and Fortville supports some separate mirroring rules, each associated with a destination pool. Each rule is programmed with one of the five mirroring types:

  1. Pool up mirroring: reflect all the packets received from the pool ingress traffic.
  2. Pool down mirroring(Fortville only): reflect all the traffic transmitted from the pool.
  3. Uplink port mirroring: reflect all the traffic received from the ingress traffic.
  4. Downlink port mirroring: reflect all the traffic transmitted to the network.
  5. VLAN mirroring: reflect all the traffic received from the network in a set of given VLANs (either from the network or from local VMs).

133.1. Prerequisites for all 2VMs cases/Mirror 2VMs cases

Create two VF interface VF0 and VF1 from one PF interface and then attach them to VM0 and VM1. Suppose PF is 0000:08:00.0.Below are commands which can be used to generate 2VFs and make them in pci-stub modes.:

./tools/pci_unbind.py --bind=igb_uio 0000:08:00.0
echo 2 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:08\:00.0/max_vfs
echo "8086 10ed" > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/pci-stub/new_id
echo 0000:08:10.0 >/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:08\:10.0/driver/unbind
echo 0000:08:10.2 >/sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:08\:10.2/driver/unbind
echo 0000:08:10.0 >/sys/bus/pci/drivers/pci-stub/bind
echo 0000:08:10.2 >/sys/bus/pci/drivers/pci-stub/bind

Start PF driver on the Host and skip the VFs.:

./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f \
   -n 4 -b 0000:08:10.0  -b 0000:08:10.2 --  -i

For VM0 start up command, you can refer to below command.:

qemu-system-x86_64 -name vm0 -enable-kvm -m 2048 -smp 4 -cpu host \
    -drive file=/root/Downloads/vm0.img -net nic,macaddr=00:00:00:00:00:01 \
    -net tap,script=/etc/qemu-ifup \
    -device pci-assign,host=08:10.0 -vnc :1 --daemonize

The /etc/qemu-ifup can be below script, need you to create first:

#!/bin/sh
set -x
switch=br0
if [ -n "$1" ];then
    /usr/sbin/tunctl -u `whoami` -t $1
    /sbin/ip link set $1 up
    sleep 0.5s
    /usr/sbin/brctl addif $switch $1
    exit 0
else
    echo "Error: no interface specified"
exit 1
fi

Similar for VM0, please refer to below command for VM1:

qemu-system-x86_64 -name vm1 -enable-kvm -m 2048 -smp 4 -cpu host \
   -drive file=/root/Downloads/vm1.img \
   -net nic,macaddr=00:00:00:00:00:02 \
   -net tap,script=/etc/qemu-ifup \
   -device pci-assign,host=08:10.2 -vnc :4 -daemonize

If you want to run all common 2VM cases, please run testpmd on VM0 and VM1 and start traffic forward on the VM hosts. Some specific prerequisites need to be set up in each case:

VF0 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF0 testpmd-> set fwd rxonly
VF0 testpmd-> start

VF1 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF1 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF1 testpmd-> start

133.2. Test Case1: InterVM communication test on 2VMs

Set the VF0 destination mac address to VF1 mac address, packets send from VF0 will be forwarded to VF1 and then send out:

VF1 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF1 testpmd-> show port info 0
VF1 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF1 testpmd-> start

VF0 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  --eth-peer=0,"VF1 mac" -i
VF0 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF0 testpmd-> start

Send 10 packets with VF0 mac address and make sure the packets will be forwarded by VF1.

133.3. Test Case2: Mirror Traffic between 2VMs with Pool up mirroring

Set up common 2VM prerequisites.

Add one mirror rule that will mirror VM0 income traffic to VM1:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 pool-mirror-up 0x1 dst-pool 1 on

Send 10 packets to VM0 and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM1 and forwarded the packet.

After test need reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0

133.4. Test Case3: Mirror Traffic between 2VMs with Pool down mirroring(Niantic not support)

Set up common 2VM prerequisites.

Add one mirror rule that will mirror VM0 outcome traffic to VM1:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 pool-mirror-down 0x1 dst-pool 1 on

Make sure VM1 in receive only mode, VM0 send 32 packets, and verify the VM0 packets has been mirrored to VM1:

VF1 testpmd-> set fwd rxonly
VF1 testpmd-> start
VF0 testpmd-> start tx_first

Note: don’t let VF1 fwd packets since downlink mirror will mirror back the packets to received packets, which will be an infinite loop.

After test need reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0

133.7. Test Case6: Mirror Traffic between 2VMs with Vlan mirroring

Set up common 2VM prerequisites.

Generate a random number N of 1-4095, Add rx vlan-id N on VF0, add one mirror rule that will mirror VM0 income traffic with specified vlan to VM1:

PF testpmd-> rx_vlan add N port 0 vf 0x1
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 vlan-mirror n dst-pool 1 on

Send 10 packets with vlan-id N and VM0 MAC to VM0 and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM1 and forwarded the packet.

Note: don’t let VF1 fwd packets since vlan downlink mirror will mirror back the packets to received packets, which will be an infinite loop.

After test need reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0

133.10. Test Case9: Add Multi exact MAC address on VF

Add an exact destination mac address on VF0:

PF testpmd-> mac_addr add port 0 vf 0 00:11:22:33:44:55

Send 10 packets with dst mac 00:11:22:33:44:55 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive the packets.

Add another exact destination mac address on VF0:

PF testpmd-> mac_addr add port 0 vf 0 00:55:44:33:22:11

Send 10 packets with dst mac 00:55:44:33:22:11 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive the packets.

After test need restart PF and VF for clear exact mac addresses, first quit VF, then quit PF.

133.11. Test Case10: Enable/Disable one uta MAC address on VF

Enable PF promisc mode and enable VF0 accept uta packets:

PF testpmd-> set promisc 0 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rxmode ROPE on

Add an uta destination mac address on VF0:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:11:22:33:44:55 on

Send 10 packets with dst mac 00:11:22:33:44:55 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will the packets.

Disable PF promisc mode, repeat step3, check VF0 should not accept uta packets:

PF testpmd-> set promisc 0 off
PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rxmode ROPE off

133.12. Test Case11: Add Multi uta MAC addresses on VF

Add 2 uta destination mac address on VF0:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:55:44:33:22:11 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:55:44:33:22:66 on

Send 2 flows, first 10 packets with dst mac 00:55:44:33:22:11, another 100 packets with dst mac 00:55:44:33:22:66 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive all the packets.

133.13. Test Case12: Add/Remove uta MAC address on VF

Add one uta destination mac address on VF0:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:55:44:33:22:11 on

Send 10 packets with dst mac 00:55:44:33:22:11 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive the packets.

Remove the uta destination mac address on VF0:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:55:44:33:22:11 off

Send 10 packets with dst mac 00:11:22:33:44:55 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will not receive the packets.

Add an uta destination mac address on VF0 again:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:11:22:33:44:55 on

Send packet with dst mac 00:11:22:33:44:55 to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive again and forwarded the packet. This step is to make sure the on/off switch is working.

133.14. Test Case13: Pause RX Queues

Pause RX queue of VF0 then send 10 packets to VF0 and make sure VF0 will not receive the packets:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rx off

Enable RX queue of VF0 then send 10 packets to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive the packet:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rx on

Repeat the off/on twice to check the switch capability, and ensure on/off can work stable.

133.15. Test Case14: Pause TX Queues

Pause TX queue of VF0 then send 10 packets to VF0 and make sure VF0 will not forward the packet:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 tx off

Enable RX queue of VF0 then send 10 packets to VF0 and make sure VF0 will forward the packet:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 tx on

Repeat the off/on twice to check the switch capability, and ensure on/off can work stable.

133.16. Test Case15: Prevent Rx of Broadcast on VF

Disable VF0 rx broadcast packets then send broadcast packet to VF0 and make sure VF0 will not receive the packet:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rxmode  BAM off

Enable VF0 rx broadcast packets then send broadcast packet to VF0 and make sure VF0 will receive and forward the packet:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rxmode  BAM on

Repeat the off/on twice to check the switch capability, and ensure on/off can work stable.

133.17. Test Case16: Negative input to commands

Input invalid commands on PF/VF to make sure the commands can’t work:

1. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 65 tx on
2. PF testpmd-> set port 2 vf -1 tx off
3. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rx oneee
4. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rx offdd
5. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 0 rx oneee
6. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 64 rxmode BAM on
7. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 64 rxmode BAM off
8. PF testpmd-> set port 0 uta 00:11:22:33:44 on
9. PF testpmd-> set port 7 uta 00:55:44:33:22:11 off
10. PF testpmd-> set port 0 vf 34 rxmode ROPE on
11. PF testpmd-> mac_addr add port 0 vf 65 00:55:44:33:22:11
12. PF testpmd-> mac_addr add port 5 vf 0 00:55:44:88:22:11
13. PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 pool-mirror 65 dst-pool 1 on
14. PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0xf uplink-mirror dst-pool 1 on
15. PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 2 vlan-mirror 9 dst-pool 1 on
16. PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 downlink-mirror 0xf dst-pool 2 off
17. PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 4
18. PF testpmd-> reset port 0xff mirror-rule 0

133.18. Prerequisites for Scaling 4VFs per 1PF

Create 4VF interface VF0, VF1, VF2, VF3 from one PF interface and then attach them to VM0, VM1, VM2 and VM3.Start PF driver on the Host and skip the VF driver will has been already attached to VMs:

On PF ./tools/pci_unbind.py --bind=igb_uio 0000:08:00.0
echo 4 > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:08\:00.0/max_vfs
./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 -b 0000:08:10.0 -b 0000:08:10.2 -b 0000:08:10.4 -b 0000:08:10.6 --  -i

If you want to run all common 4VM cases, please run testpmd on VM0, VM1, VM2 and VM3 and start traffic forward on the VM hosts. Some specific prerequisites are set up in each case:

VF0 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF1 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF2 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF3 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i

133.19. Test Case17: Scaling Pool Mirror on 4VFs

Make sure prerequisites for Scaling 4VFs per 1PF is set up.

Add one mirror rules that will mirror VM0/VM1/VM2 income traffic to VM3:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 pool-mirror 0x7 dst-pool 3 on
VF0 testpmd-> set fwd rxonly
VF0 testpmd-> start
VF1 testpmd-> set fwd rxonly
VF1 testpmd-> start
VF2 testpmd-> set fwd rxonly
VF2 testpmd-> start
VF3 testpmd-> set fwd rxonly
VF3 testpmd-> start

Send 3 flows to VM0/VM1/VM2, one with VM0 mac, one with VM1 mac, one with VM2 mac, and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM3.

Reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0

Set another 2 mirror rules. VM0/VM1 income traffic mirror to VM2 and VM3:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 pool-mirror 0x3 dst-pool 2 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 1 pool-mirror 0x3 dst-pool 3 on

Send 2 flows to VM0/VM1, one with VM0 mac, one with VM1 mac and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM2/VM3 and VM2/VM3 have forwarded these packets.

Reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0
PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 1

133.22. Test Case20: Scaling Vlan Mirror on 4VFs

Make sure prerequisites for scaling 4VFs per 1PF is set up.

Add 3 mirror rules that will mirror VM0/VM1/VM2 vlan income traffic to VM3:

PF testpmd-> rx_vlan add 1 port 0 vf 0x1
PF testpmd-> rx_vlan add 2 port 0 vf 0x2
PF testpmd-> rx_vlan add 3 port 0 vf 0x4
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 vlan-mirror 1,2,3 dst-pool 3 on
VF0 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF0 testpmd-> start
VF1 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF1 testpmd-> start
VF2 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF2 testpmd-> start
VF3 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF3 testpmd-> start

Send 3 flows to VM0/VM1/VM2, one with VM0 mac/vlanid, one with VM1 mac/vlanid, one with VM2 mac/vlanid,and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM3 and VM3 has forwards these packets.

Reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0

Set another 2 mirror rules. VM0/VM1 income traffic mirror to VM2 and VM3:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 vlan-mirror 1 dst-pool 2 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 1 vlan-mirror 2 dst-pool 3 on

Send 2 flows to VM0/VM1, one with VM0 mac/vlanid, one with VM1 mac/vlanid and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM2 and VM3, then VM2 and VM3 have forwarded these packets.

Reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0
PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 1

133.23. Test Case21: Scaling Vlan Mirror & Pool Mirror on 4VFs

Make sure prerequisites for scaling 4VFs per 1PF is set up.

Add 3 mirror rules that will mirror VM0/VM1 vlan income traffic to VM2, VM0/VM1 pool will come to VM3:

PF testpmd-> rx_vlan add 1 port 0 vf 0x1
PF testpmd-> rx_vlan add 2 port 0 vf 0x2
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 vlan-mirror 1 dst-pool 2 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 1 vlan-mirror 2 dst-pool 2 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 2 pool-mirror 0x3 dst-pool 3 on
VF0 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF0 testpmd-> start
VF1 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF1 testpmd-> start
VF2 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF2 testpmd-> start
VF3 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF3 testpmd-> start

Send 2 flows to VM0/VM1, one with VM0 mac/vlanid, one with VM1 mac/vlanid, and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM2 and VM3, and VM2/VM3 have forwarded these packets.

Reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0
PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 1
PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 2

Set 3 mirror rules. VM0/VM1 income traffic mirror to VM2, VM2 traffic will mirror to VM3:

PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 0 vlan-mirror 1,2 dst-pool 2 on
PF testpmd-> set port 0 mirror-rule 2 pool-mirror 0x2 dst-pool 3 on

Send 2 flows to VM0/VM1, one with VM0 mac/vlanid, one with VM1 mac/vlanid and verify the packets has been mirrored to VM2, VM2 traffic will be mirrored to VM3, then VM2 and VM3 have forwarded these packets.

Reset mirror rule:

PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 0
PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 1
PF testpmd-> reset port 0 mirror-rule 2

133.26. Test Case24: Scaling InterVM communication on 4VFs

Set the VF0 destination mac address to VF1 mac address, packets send from VF0 will be forwarded to VF1 and then send out. Similar for VF2 and VF3:

VF1 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF1 testpmd-> show port info 0
VF1 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF1 testpmd-> start

VF0 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  --eth-peer=0,"VF1 mac" -i
VF0 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF0 testpmd-> start

VF3 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  -i
VF3 testpmd-> show port info 0
VF3 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF3 testpmd-> start

VF2 ./x86_64-default-linuxapp-gcc/app/testpmd -c f -n 4 --  --eth-peer=0,"VF3 mac" -i
VF2 testpmd-> set fwd mac
VF2 testpmd-> start

Send 2 flows, one with VF0 mac address and make sure the packets will be forwarded by VF1, another with VF2 mac address and make sure the packets will be forwarded by VF3.