23. RegEx Device Library

The RegEx library provides a RegEx device framework for management and provisioning of hardware and software RegEx poll mode drivers, defining generic APIs which support a number of different RegEx operations.

23.1. Design Principles

The RegEx library follows the same basic principles as those used in DPDK’s Ethernet Device framework and the Crypto framework. The RegEx framework provides a generic Crypto device framework which supports both physical (hardware) and virtual (software) RegEx devices as well as a generic RegEx API which allows RegEx devices to be managed and configured and supports RegEx operations to be provisioned on RegEx poll mode driver.

23.2. Device Management

23.2.1. Device Creation

Physical RegEx devices are discovered during the PCI probe/enumeration of the EAL function which is executed at DPDK initialization, based on their PCI device identifier, each unique PCI BDF (bus/bridge, device, function). Specific physical ReEx devices, like other physical devices in DPDK can be listed using the EAL command line options.

23.2.2. Device Identification

Each device, whether virtual or physical is uniquely designated by two identifiers:

  • A unique device index used to designate the RegEx device in all functions exported by the regexdev API.
  • A device name used to designate the RegEx device in console messages, for administration or debugging purposes.

23.2.3. Device Configuration

The configuration of each RegEx device includes the following operations:

  • Allocation of resources, including hardware resources if a physical device.
  • Resetting the device into a well-known default state.
  • Initialization of statistics counters.

The rte_regexdev_configure API is used to configure a RegEx device.

int rte_regexdev_configure(uint8_t dev_id,
                           const struct rte_regexdev_config *cfg);

The rte_regexdev_config structure is used to pass the configuration parameters for the RegEx device for example number of queue pairs, number of groups, max number of matches and so on.

struct rte_regexdev_config {
     uint16_t nb_max_matches;
     /**< Maximum matches per scan configured on this device.
      * This value cannot exceed the *max_matches*
      * which previously provided in rte_regexdev_info_get().
      * The value 0 is allowed, in which case, value 1 used.
      * @see struct rte_regexdev_info::max_matches
     uint16_t nb_queue_pairs;
     /**< Number of RegEx queue pairs to configure on this device.
      * This value cannot exceed the *max_queue_pairs* which previously
      * provided in rte_regexdev_info_get().
      * @see struct rte_regexdev_info::max_queue_pairs
     uint32_t nb_rules_per_group;
     /**< Number of rules per group to configure on this device.
      * This value cannot exceed the *max_rules_per_group*
      * which previously provided in rte_regexdev_info_get().
      * The value 0 is allowed, in which case,
      * struct rte_regexdev_info::max_rules_per_group used.
      * @see struct rte_regexdev_info::max_rules_per_group
     uint16_t nb_groups;
     /**< Number of groups to configure on this device.
      * This value cannot exceed the *max_groups*
      * which previously provided in rte_regexdev_info_get().
      * @see struct rte_regexdev_info::max_groups
     const char *rule_db;
     /**< Import initial set of prebuilt rule database on this device.
      * The value NULL is allowed, in which case, the device will not
      * be configured prebuilt rule database. Application may use
      * rte_regexdev_rule_db_update() or rte_regexdev_rule_db_import() API
      * to update or import rule database after the
      * rte_regexdev_configure().
      * @see rte_regexdev_rule_db_update(), rte_regexdev_rule_db_import()
     uint32_t rule_db_len;
     /**< Length of *rule_db* buffer. */
     uint32_t dev_cfg_flags;
     /**< RegEx device configuration flags, See RTE_REGEXDEV_CFG_*  */

23.2.4. Configuration of Rules Database

Each Regex device should be configured with the rule database. There are two modes of setting the rule database, online or offline. The online mode means, that the rule database in being compiled by the RegEx PMD while in the offline mode the rule database is compiled by external compiler, and is being loaded to the PMD as a buffer. The configuration mode is depended on the PMD capabilities.

Online rule configuration is done using the following API functions: rte_regexdev_rule_db_update which add / remove rules from the rules precompiled list.

Offline rule configuration can be done by adding a pointer to the compiled rule database in the configuration step, or by using rte_regexdev_rule_db_import API.

23.2.5. Configuration of Queue Pairs

Each RegEx device can be configured with number of queue pairs. Each queue pair is configured using rte_regexdev_queue_pair_setup

23.2.6. Logical Cores, Memory and Queues Pair Relationships

Multiple logical cores should never share the same queue pair for enqueuing operations or dequeuing operations on the same RegEx device since this would require global locks and hinder performance.

23.3. Device Features and Capabilities

RegEx devices may support different feature set. In order to get the supported PMD feature rte_regexdev_info_get API which return the info of the device and it’s supported features.

23.3.1. Enqueue / Dequeue Burst APIs

The burst enqueue API uses a RegEx device identifier and a queue pair identifier to specify the device queue pair to schedule the processing on. The nb_ops parameter is the number of operations to process which are supplied in the ops array of rte_regex_ops structures. The enqueue function returns the number of operations it actually enqueued for processing, a return value equal to nb_ops means that all packets have been enqueued.

Data pointed in each op, should not be released until the dequeue of for that op.

The dequeue API uses the same format as the enqueue API of processed but the nb_ops and ops parameters are now used to specify the max processed operations the user wishes to retrieve and the location in which to store them. The API call returns the actual number of processed operations returned, this can never be larger than nb_ops.