20. ZUC Crypto Poll Mode Driver

The ZUC PMD (librte_pmd_zuc) provides poll mode crypto driver support for utilizing Intel IPSec Multi-buffer library which implements F8 and F9 functions for ZUC EEA3 cipher and EIA3 hash algorithms.

20.1. Features

ZUC PMD has support for:

Cipher algorithm:


Authentication algorithm:


20.2. Limitations

  • Chained mbufs are not supported.
  • ZUC (EIA3) supported only if hash offset field is byte-aligned.
  • ZUC (EEA3) supported only if cipher length, cipher offset fields are byte-aligned.

20.3. Installation

To build DPDK with the ZUC_PMD the user is required to download the multi-buffer library from here and compile it on their user system before building DPDK. The latest version of the library supported by this PMD is v0.54, which can be downloaded from https://github.com/01org/intel-ipsec-mb/archive/v0.54.zip.

After downloading the library, the user needs to unpack and compile it on their system before building DPDK:

make install

The library requires NASM to be built. Depending on the library version, it might require a minimum NASM version (e.g. v0.54 requires at least NASM 2.14).

NASM is packaged for different OS. However, on some OS the version is too old, so a manual installation is required. In that case, NASM can be downloaded from NASM website. Once it is downloaded, extract it and follow these steps:

make install


Compilation of the Multi-Buffer library is broken when GCC < 5.0, if library <= v0.53. If a lower GCC version than 5.0, the workaround proposed by the following link should be used: https://github.com/intel/intel-ipsec-mb/issues/40.

As a reference, the following table shows a mapping between the past DPDK versions and the external crypto libraries supported by them:

Table 20.1 DPDK and external crypto library version compatibility
DPDK version Crypto library version
16.11 - 19.11 LibSSO ZUC
20.02+ Multi-buffer library 0.53 - 0.54

20.4. Initialization

In order to enable this virtual crypto PMD, user must:

  • Build the multi buffer library (explained in Installation section).
  • Build DPDK as follows:
make config T=x86_64-native-linux-gcc
sed -i 's,\(CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_PMD_ZUC\)=n,\1=y,' build/.config

To use the PMD in an application, user must:

  • Call rte_vdev_init(“crypto_zuc”) within the application.
  • Use –vdev=”crypto_zuc” in the EAL options, which will call rte_vdev_init() internally.

The following parameters (all optional) can be provided in the previous two calls:

  • socket_id: Specify the socket where the memory for the device is going to be allocated (by default, socket_id will be the socket where the core that is creating the PMD is running on).
  • max_nb_queue_pairs: Specify the maximum number of queue pairs in the device (8 by default).
  • max_nb_sessions: Specify the maximum number of sessions that can be created (2048 by default).


./l2fwd-crypto -l 1 -n 4 --vdev="crypto_zuc,socket_id=0,max_nb_sessions=128" \
-- -p 1 --cdev SW --chain CIPHER_ONLY --cipher_algo "zuc-eea3"