10. DPDK Stable Releases and Long Term Support
This section sets out the guidelines for the DPDK Stable Releases and the DPDK Long Term Support releases (LTS).
The purpose of the DPDK Stable Releases is to maintain releases of DPDK with backported fixes over an extended period of time. This provides downstream consumers of DPDK with a stable target on which to base applications or packages.
The primary characteristics of stable releases is that they attempt to fix issues and not introduce any new regressions while keeping backwards compatibility with the initial release of the stable version.
The Long Term Support release (LTS) is a designation applied to a Stable Release to indicate longer term support.
10.2. Stable Releases
Any release of DPDK can be designated as a Stable Release if a maintainer volunteers to maintain it and there is a commitment from major contributors to validate it before releases. If a version is to be a “Stable Release”, it should be designated as such within one month of that version being initially released.
A Stable Release is used to backport fixes from an
N release back to an
N-1 release, for example, from 16.11 to 16.07.
The duration of a stable is one complete release cycle (4 months). It can be longer, up to 1 year, if a maintainer continues to support the stable branch, or if users supply backported fixes, however the explicit commitment should be for one release cycle.
The release cadence is determined by the maintainer based on the number of bugfixes and the criticality of the bugs. Releases should be coordinated with the validation engineers to ensure that a tagged release has been tested.
10.3. LTS Release
A stable release can be designated as an LTS release based on community agreement and a commitment from a maintainer. The current policy is that each year’s November (X.11) release will be maintained as an LTS for 2 years.
After the X.11 release, an LTS branch will be created for it at https://git.dpdk.org/dpdk-stable where bugfixes will be backported to.
A LTS release may align with the declaration of a new major ABI version, please read the ABI Policy for more information.
It is anticipated that there will be at least 3 releases per year of the LTS or approximately 1 every 4 months. This is done to align with the DPDK main branch releases so that fixes have already gone through validation as part of the DPDK main branch release validation. However, the cadence can be shorter or longer depending on the number and criticality of the backported fixes. Releases should be coordinated with the validation engineers to ensure that a tagged release has been tested.
For a list of the currently maintained stable/LTS branches please see the latest stable roadmap.
At the end of the 2 years, a final X.11.N release will be made and at that point the LTS branch will no longer be maintained with no further releases.
10.4. What changes should be backported
Backporting should be limited to bug fixes. All patches accepted on the main branch with a Fixes: tag should be backported to the relevant stable/LTS branches, unless the submitter indicates otherwise. If there are exceptions, they will be discussed on the mailing lists.
Fixes suitable for backport should have a
Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org tag in the
commit message body as follows:
doc: fix some parameter description
Update the docs, fixing description of some parameter.
Fixes: abcdefgh1234 ("doc: add some parameter")
Signed-off-by: Alex Smith <email@example.com>
Fixes not suitable for backport should not include the
Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org tag.
To support the goal of stability and not introducing regressions, new code being introduced is limited to bug fixes. New features should not be backported to stable releases.
In some limited cases, it may be acceptable to backport a new feature to a stable release. Some of the factors which impact the decision by stable maintainers are as follows:
- Does the feature break API/ABI?
- Does the feature break backwards compatibility?
- Is it for the latest LTS release (to avoid LTS upgrade issues)?
- Is there a commitment from the proposer or affiliation to validate the feature and check for regressions in related functionality?
- Is there a track record of the proposer or affiliation validating stable releases?
- Is it obvious that the feature will not impact existing functionality?
- How intrusive is the code change?
- What is the scope of the code change?
- Does it impact common components or vendor specific?
- Is there a justifiable use case (a clear user need)?
- Is there a community consensus about the backport?
Performance improvements are generally not considered to be fixes, but may be considered in some cases where:
- It is fixing a performance regression that occurred previously.
- An existing feature in LTS is not usable as intended without it.
APIs marked as
experimental are not considered part of the ABI version
and can be changed without prior notice. This is necessary for the API to be
improved and stabilized and become part of the ABI version in the future.
However, in LTS releases
experimental API should not be changed as there
will not be a future ABI version on the branch and compatibility with previous
release of an LTS version is of the highest importance.
10.5. The Stable Mailing List
The Stable and LTS release are coordinated on the email@example.com mailing list.
All fix patches to the main branch that are candidates for backporting should also be CCed to the firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list.